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AmpalayaThe health benefits of karela (bitter-gourd) are greater than those of many vegetables. Karela’s bitter taste is generally attributed to the quinine it contains. Cooked bitter gourd stimulates the appetite, cleanses the liver, purifies the blood, and provides many other benefits.

Grown in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Asia, Africa, and South America, karela (aka bitter-melon, kaakarakaya) is unsavory yet very nutritious and healthy. Karela comes in many different varieties and is similar in shape to a cucumber. In the Indian grocery stores in the US, you’ll find the the Indian, dark green, spiky variety, while in the Asian stores, you’ll find the lighter-green bitter-melons that are larger with a bumpy peel.

A really delicious type of karela is kantola or kakrol (aa-kaakarakaya). These are small, round or oval with tiny, prickly spikes, and are not bitter at all or only slightly bitter. These taste great sliced into thin chips and either stir-fried or deep-fried. Fresh kantola are a rare sight in the US but are widely available frozen.

In South India, karela and kantola, are soaked overnight in brine or buttermilk and sundried, and then deep-fried as needed, and like pappadums, served as crunchy accompaniments or added to soups and stews. These vadiyams or vadams are available in Indian grocery stores.

Karela and Health—-Quick Facts

In Indian medicine, such as ayurveda, bitter-gourd juice (from the gourd or leaves) has long been used as a remedy for diabetes and liver problems. Karela juice is also used to treat skin problems like psoriasis, and is generally good for skin health as it purifies blood.

Ayurvedic doctors also prescribe bitter-gourd juice for digestive problems and to boost immunity. A glass of karela juice with a dash of lemon, taken on an empty tummy, is supposed to improve general health as well as skin health.

Karela contains a chemical called charantin which reduces high blood glucose levels, and hence the best home remedy for diabetes (as a curry or juice).

Pregnant women are advised to avoid this vegetable as it can cause miscarriages.

Along with fiber, karela contains several vitamins, minerals, and trace elements like vitamin C, iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, and phosphorus. Like most vegetables, karela is low in calories, and as such great for weight-loss. Studies show that bitter-melon extract can help prevent breast cancer.

It makes sense to include karela in your diet as it offers so many health benefits.

With Dua
Aliwale Hussianwale
Motive is to get connected to Shia World.


The 12 Health Benefits of Ampalaya Leaves (Shoots)

Posted on December 12, 2010 by marvin

My father is growing ampalaya vine. He usually gather the young shoots – only those that grow near the plant base. Young ampalaya leaves are popular as vegetable dish ingredients. It’s more than just leaves, anyone can get more benefits out of these bitter commodity:

1) The decoction of the leaves is used as a stomachic – relating to stomach problems e.g.diarrhea. The recommended intake is one teaspoon of ground ampalaya leaves three times a day.

2) The leaves is used as antipyretic – medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever

3) The whole plant, pulverized, is a good when externally applied in leprosy and malignant ulcers. Malignant – dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth.

4) The leaves are pound and apply to certain skin diseases. Can also be applied to burns and scalds.

5) The leaves are applied as a poultice for headaches. Poultice – a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation. Pantapal from albularyo term.

6) Watt says that an infusion of the leaves acts as a febrifuge – lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever.

7) The leaves are administered as an anthelmintic – capable of expelling or destroying parasitic worms.

8) The juice of the fresh leaves acts as a mild purgative – stimulates evacuation of the bowels – for children.

10) Aids in treatment of diabetes. As researched and published by Dr. William Torres, amplaya contains polypeptide-P, an insulin like substance present only in this bitter plant.

11) Boiled leaves and a decoction of the plant itself is recommended to promote lochiae. Lochiae (lochia) substance discharged from the vagina (cellular debris and mucus and blood) that gradually decreases in amount during the weeks following childbirth.

12) The sweetened decoction of the leaves is considered a powerful emmenagogue (promotes menstrual discharge), and an effective vermifuge (causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms).


Uses and Benefits of Ampalaya Seeds

Posted on May 7, 2011 by marvin

The ultimate use of ampalaya seed is for propagation. Propagators need to secure good quality seeds for the next planting season. It can be bought from seed companies to ensure the breed purity. However, an excess seeds can be use for other purposes.

Uses and Health Benefits:

1) Crevost and Petelot stated that the seeds with oil can be employed as a cosmetic.

2) Dalziel reports that the root is sometimes used as an ingredient in aphrodisiac prescriptions and, along with the fruit or seeds, is also used as an abortifacient, as well as a remedy for urethral discharges.

Warning!: Abortifacient – a drug (or other chemical agent) that causes abortion. Pregnant women should never take it.

3) Perrot and Hurrier mention that in Indo-China the seeds are employed with success in dysentery – an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea.

4) Stuart reports that the seeds benefit the breath and invigorate the male principle.

5) Dalziel quotes Freise [Aoth, Zeit. 44 (1929) 1480], who says that the seeds are used in Brazil as an anthelmintic. Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk state that the anthelmintic action of the seeds is to reside in the embryo. Anthelmintic – a medication capable of causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms.

6) Can be used as purgative. The seeds yield 32 per cent of purgative oil. Purgative – a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels.

7) According to Yumiko Yasui ampalaya seeds has linolenic acid that can  kill color cancer.

8) The seed also contain Polypeptide-p, a plant insulin that helps diabetic patients.

9) For production of coffee and polvoron.

items 1-6 are compiled by bureau of plant and industry



(MOMORDICA CHARANTIA), Also known as “bitter ground” or “bitter melon” in english. It is most known as a treatment of diabetes (diabetes mellitus) for the non-insulin dependent patients. Has been proven to be an effective herbal medicine for many ailments. The effectiveness of ampalaya as an herbal medicine has been tried and tested. Ampalaya is an alterantive medicine to help alleviate various ailments including diabetes liver problems and even HIV. It enhances immune system and fight infections.

Preparation: For coughs, fever, worms, diarrhea, and diabetes; juice the ampalaya leaves and drink a spoonful everyday. For further ailments; the fruit and the leavescan both be juiced and taken orally. For headaches, wounds, burns and skin diseases; apply warmed leaves to affected area. In large doses, pure ampalaya juice can be a purgative and abortifacient.



Ang ampalaya ay may siyentipikong pangalan na Momordica Charantia at kilala din bilang bitter melon o bitter gourd sa wikang Ingles. Ito ay isang tropical at subtropical na halaman na kapamilya ng Cucurbitaceae. Ang bunga nito ay kilala sa pagkakaraoon ng mapait na lasa dahil nagtataglay ito ng momordicin.


  • 1 Bilang Halamang-Gamot
    • 1.1 Preparasyon
  • 2 Bilang Ulam
  • 3 Sanggunian
  • 4 Pagkilala

Bilang Halamang-Gamot

Ayon sa mga pananaliksik, ang ampalaya ay mabisang panglunas sa sakit na diyabetes. Sa wastong pagkain at dosi ng ampalaya, ito ay makatutulong sa pagtaaas ng produksyon ng beta cells ng lapay (pancreas). Bilang resulta, pinagbubuti ang abilidad ng ating katawan na gumawa ng insulin, ang pumipigil sa pagtaas ng blood sugar ng mga diyabetiko.

Ang ampalaya ay nairekomenda ng Kagawaran ng Kalusugan bilang isa sa mga pinaka-epektibong halamang-gamot dahil sa kakayahan nitong makapagbigay-lunas sa sakit sa atay, diyabetes at HIV. Ito ay isa sa karaniwang halamang-gamot na ginagamit sa bansang Tsina. Sa Pilipinas, ang mga dahon nito ay kadalasang ginagamit na panglunas sa ubo, sakit sa balat, pagkabaog ng mga babae, pamurga, at pampababa ng lagnat.

Maliban sa pagkakaroon nito ng kakayahang makapagpagaling, ang ampalaya rin ay nagtataglay ng maraming bitamina at mineral, sa humigit-kumulang isang tasa (93 grams):

Vitamin A 9%
Thiamine 2%
Riboflavin 2%
Niacin 2%
Vitamin B5 2%
Vitamin B6 2%
Vitamin C 130%
Folate 17%
Calcium 2%
Iron 2%
Magnesium 4%
Phosphorus 3%
Copper 2%
Zinc 5%


  • Uminom ng isang kutsara ng katas ng dahon ng ampalaya para sa mga may ubo, lagnat, nagpupurga, at nagtatae.
  • Itapal ang mainit-init na dahon ng ampalaya sa bahagi ng balat na may sugat, paso at iba pang sakit sa balat gayun din sa noo kapag masakit ang ulo.

Bilang Ulam

  • Ang ampalaya ay kadalasang isinasahog sa mga ulam tulad ng pinakbet, isang bantog na luto ng gulay sa Pilipinas na may kasamang ibat’t-ibang gulay tulad ng okra, talong, sitaw, kamatis, kalabasa at bagoong.
  • Ginagamit din ang ampalaya bilang ensalada–ibinababad ang bunga sa suka at asin kasama ang sibuyas at kamatis.
  • Ang ginisang ampalaya na may itlog ay isa rin sa mga paboritong ulam ng mga Pilipino. Iginigisa ang maninipis na hiwa ng ampalaya sa bawang, sibuyas at kamatis at pagkatapos ay inihahalo ang binating itlog sa ginisang ampalaya.


  • (hinango noong Agosto 15, 2008).
  • Traditional Medicine. (hinango noong Agosto 15, 2008).
  • Ampalaya: Herbal Medicine. (hinango noong Nobyember 20, 2008).

Ampalaya (Momordica charantia)

Ampalaya (Bitter Melon) with a scientific name Momordica charantia, is a climbing vine and the tendrils of which grow up to 20 centimeters long. This herbal plant belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae, and it is a tropical as well as a subtropical vine. Ampalaya leaves are heart-shaped, which are 5 to 10 centimeters in diameter. The fruits of the ampalaya vine are fleshy green with pointed ends at length. It can never be mistaken for any other variety because its ribbed and wrinkled surface had always been ampalaya’s distinct physical structure. The bitter taste of the ampalaya fruit had also been the distinguishing factor from the rest of the fruits with medicinal value, and this is due to the presence of a substance known as momorcidin.

Ampalaya has been a folkloric cure for generations but has now been proven to be an effective herbal medicine for many aliments. Most significant of which is for Diabetes. The Philippine variety has proven to be most potent. Ampalaya contains a mixture of flavanoids and alkaloids make the Pancreas produce more insulin that controls the blood sugar in diabetics. Aside from Ampalaya’s medicinal value, it is good source of vitamins A, B and C, iron, folic acid, phosphorous and calcium.

Ampalaya has been for used even by the Chinese for centuries. The effectively of Ampalaya as an herbal medicine has been tried and tested by many research clinics and laboratories worldwide. In the Philippines, the Department of Health has endorsed Ampalaya as an alternative medicine to help alleviate various ailments including diabetes, liver problems and even HIV. Aside from these, ampalaya also helps treat skin diseases and cough. Its herbal value extends to increasing the sterility of women, in parasiticide, antipyretic, and has purgative functions, as well. Note: In large dozes, pure Ampalaya juice can be a purgative and abortifacient.

Herbal Benefits of Ampalaya: Preparation & Use of Ampalaya:
• Good for rheumatism and gout
• And diseases of the spleen and liver
• Aids in lowering blood sugar levels
• Helps in lowering blood pressure
• Relives headaches
• Disinfects and heals wounds & burns
• Can be used as a cough & fever remedy
• Treatment of intestinal worms, diarrhea
• Helps prevent some types of cancer
• Enhances immune system to fight infection
• For treatment of hemorrhoids
• Is an antioxidant and parasiticide
• Is antibacterial and antipyretic
• For coughs, fever, worms, diarrhea, diabetes, juice Ampalaya leaves and drink a spoonful daily.
• For other ailments, the fruit and leaves can both be juiced and taken orally.
• For headaches wounds, burns and skin diseases, apply warmed leaves to afflicted area.
• Powdered leaves, and the root decoction, may be used as stringent and applied to treat hemorrhoids.
• Internal parasites are proven to be expelled when the ampalaya juice, made from its leaves, is extracted. The ampalaya juice, and grounded seeds is to be taken one spoonful thrice a day, which also treats diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic colitis.



Lowers sugar levels & helps fight Diabetes
One of the most studied benefits of bitter gourd is its effectiveness in lowering blood sugar levels. High blood sugar leads to diabetes, which in turn may cause high blood pressure, heart disease, blindness, high cholesterol and stroke. Researchers at Lucknow University in India examined the effects of the pulp of bitter gourd on blood sugar levels. The results of their study, published in the August 2010 issue of the “Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics,” show that not only does bitter gourd lower blood sugar, its antioxidant activity also protects the body’s organs from damage caused by diabetes. Trigonella foenum graecum seed powder, or fenugreek herb, was also used in the study and is reported to have antidiabetic benefits as well.

Fights Cancer
It can play an important role in the prevention and treatment of cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. Researchers at the University of Hawaii, reporting in the June 2010 issue of “Pharmaceutical Research,” state that bitter gourd may stop the growth of cancer cells and initiate cancer cell death. Bitter gourd effects differentiate between cancer cells and healthy cells, as they leave normal cells intact.

Treats Psoriasis
Regular consumption of this bitter juice has also been known to improve psoriasis condition and other fungal infections like ring-worm and athletes feet.

Improves circulation, helps fight Obesity
Bitter gourd can help fight the battle of the bulge, whether you have a little to lose or a lot. Weight gain and obesity may lead to serious health consequences such as diabetes, heart disease and even cancer. In the June 29, 2010, issue of “BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine,” researchers report that when tested on human fat cells, bitter gourd juice exhibited the ability to stimulate the breakdown of fat cells and prevent new fat cells from forming. Researchers conclude that bitter gourd should be considered as an alternative therapy for obesity treatment.

Fights High Cholesterol
High cholesterol is a primary risk factor for heart disease, heart attack and stroke. The two types of cholesterol are LDL, known as bad cholesterol, and HDL which is good. LDL builds up on arterial walls and can cause blockages and hardening of the arteries. HDL sweeps through the arteries, preventing LDL from building up. You can increase your HDL levels through exercise and nutrition, and research shows that bitter gourd is a dietary component that can help increase those levels. The September 24, 2007, issue of “BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine” reports that bitter gourd not only has antidiabetic activity, it also lowers triglycerides and LDL cholesterol, while raising HDL cholesterol levels.

Alleviates Eye problems and Improves Eyesight
The high beta-carotene and other properties in bitter gourd makes it one of the finest vegetable-fruit that help alleviate eye problems and improving eyesight.

Prevents Jaundice, Strengthens Liver, Treats Hangover
Bitter gourd juice can also prevent jaundice by strengthening the liver. By detoxifying and nourishing liver, bitter melon juice may be beneficial in the treatment of a hangover.

Good for patients who are suffering from Piles
Mix three teaspoonfuls of juice from bitter melon leaves with a glassful of buttermilk. Take this every morning on empty stomach for about a month and see an improvement to your condition. To hasten the healing, use the paste of the roots of bitter melon plant and apply over the piles.

Excessive consumption may cause mild abdominal pain or diarrhea. Diabetics taking hypoglycemic drugs will need to alter the dosage of their drugs if they consume bitter melon on a regular basis. Please consult your doctor.

Pregnant women should avoid taking too much bitter gourd or its juice as it may stimulate the uterus that may lead to preterm labor.

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Scientific name: Portulaca olearacea L.

English: Purslane
Tagalog: Alusiman

alusiman01Portulaca, common name for a family of plants in the pink order, comprising a small, widespread group of more or less succulent herbs and subshrubs, with concentrations of species along the Pacific coast of North America and in southern Africa, and for its representative genus. About 21 genera and 400 species make up this family. The leaves are opposite or alternate and bear stipules (appendages, usually leaf-like, at the leaf base) that are often modified into membranous scales or hairs. The usually small flowers characteristically have only two green sepals, four to six petals and stamens, and a single ovary borne above and free from the other floral parts. The common purslane has long been used as a pot-herb and in salads. Several other species are used as ornamentals.

Scientific classification: Portulaca plants make up the family Portulacaceae. The representative genus is Portulaca. The common purslane is classified as Portulaca oleracea.



Scientific name: Portulaca olearacea L.

Ang katas ng dahon ng alusiman ay mainam sa sunog-araw (sun burn) o mahapding-init sa balat.

Katasan ang mga naturang mga dahon, ipahid sa balat pagkatapos maligo.


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Scientific name: Basella rubra Linn

Scientific name: Basella rubra Linn
English: Malabar Night Shade
Tagalog: Alugbati

AlugbatiA succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. Stems are purplish or green. Leaves are fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 to 12 cms long, stalked, tapering to a pointed tip with a cordate base. Spikes are axillary, solitary, 5-29 cm long. Fruit is fleshy, stalkless, ovoid or spherical, 5-6 mm long, and purple when mature.

Demulcent, diuretic, emollient, laxative, rubefacient.

Found in settled and cultivated areas, in hedges.

Common market product, a popular leafy and stew vegetable, a good substitute for spinach. The green and purple cultivated varieties are preferable to the wild ones.
Both the young shoots and stems are eaten. Excellent source of calcium and iron; good source of vitamins A, B, and C, with a high roughage value. Roots are employed as rubefacient. Poultice of leaves used to reduce local swelling. Sap is applied to acne eruptions to reduce inflammation. Decoction of leaves used for its mild laxative effects.
Pulped leaves applied to boils and ulcers to hasten suppuration.Sugared juice of leaves useful for catarrhal afflictions. Leaf-juice, mixed with butter, is soothing and colling when applied to burns and scalds.


Uses and Health Benefits of Alugbati / Malabar Spinach

Posted on February 25, 2011 by marvin

My friend asked me if I know something about alugbati plant. I replied, “Nope”. I heard about alugbati several times before but I was completely clueless about it. So I listed it on my priority list – a search for alugbati.

Picture results after googling were familiar. I have seen this plant before, in fact I have a picture of it. I took a shot when I saw this plant in school garden without knowing that it was the alugbati.

The vegetable is also known as Malabar Spinach, Ceylon Spinach or the red vine. The stem is purplish (shade of red) and succulent with heart shape leaves. It bears green to dark red fruits (correct me if I am wrong).

The young leaves are popular vegetable stuff. It can be boiled (boil until cooked and discard water), used as salad ingredient and other dishes like ginisa.

The plant is also popular for its medicinal properties. Growing it in your garden is a nice idea.

1)  A good source of essential nutrients. Excellent source of calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B and iron.

2) Contain saponins that act as phytochemicals. Fights cancer and other diseases.

3) Roots are employed as rubefacient – a medicine for external application that produces redness of the skin.

4) Roots are also used as poultice to reduce local swellings.

5) The sap can be applied to acne areas to eliminate irritation.

6) The sap has a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin.

7) A diuretic.

8) A mild laxative.

9) Pulped leaves are applied to boils, ulcers and abscesses.

10) Leaf juice with sugar is effective for inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus. Also used to treat gonorrhea and balanitis

11) Leaf juice with butter has a soothing effect on burns and scalds.

12) Stem and leaf extract can cure habitual headache.

13) Fruits maybe used as cheeks and lips make-up and dye.

14) Good source of fibers.


A Stem and Several Leaves of Alugbati

Posted on July 2, 2012 by marvin

It was my fourth visit to this scrap wood store. My company were busy selecting good scraps while I was sitting near the rear exit. It was the only time I noticed the reddish vine with big shiny leaves.

I am familiar with the vine but I cannot remember its name clearly. I asked the warehouse keeper about it. She is also familiar with the vine but cannot remember the name for a while. She finally recalled it was alugbati after a quarter of an hour. Her memory is obviously sharper than mine.

I came out of the rear door and saw about three meters wide network of alugbati plant on trellis. It seemed inviting me to get one and bring home.

Why is alugbati there? She planted a single alugbati stalk and it grow well in just short time frame. It grows fast that regular trimming is necessary.

How to cook it? Get young stems and leaves and mix it with favorite vegetable dish. She was preparing cut stems and whole leaves while I was talking to her. It was intended for ginisang sardinas.

I asked for a stem and she gave me one gladly. I planned to plant it as soon as I got home.

raw. It has a very faint spicy odor, mildly bitter taste clinging to mouth for about 15 minutes and an oily smooth texture similar to gumamela leaves and okra mucilage. The succulent stem has the same properties with a fibrous outer portion. I think it should be cooked before consuming.


Eating The Fresh Alugbati Shoots

Posted on December 24, 2012 by marvin

The alugbati stalks I planted months ago has been growing well. It almost cover the 1/4 part of the bamboo fence. The fence is becoming reddish from afar. Still a chicken’s favorite but they are too lazy to fly over and feed to higher portions. Flowers begin to show. Many shoots are elongating outwards and seem talking to me. They seem begging, wanting me to pick and eat them raw.

Every alugbati stalk as long as open palm is succulent. Slightly pungent when chewed but can be tolerated with practice or dipping in plain mayonnaise before taking in.

What are you waiting for? Open that palm of yours. Measure and cut alugbati stalks. Wash it under running water. Rinse well. Take your favorite dip and start the enjoyment.

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Aloe-Vera – An Effective Medicine

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By John Gibb

Aloe veraAloe vera is a very useful plant. It is very often used as a medicine to treat skin conditions such as burns and eczema, where it can help to stop the pain and reduce swelling. It is also very pleasant and soothing in its smell, which is likely why you will have heard of it: it is very often used in soaps, shampoos, and similar products.

This is not the only way to buy aloe vera, however. It is also available in capsule and gel form, as well as in juices and drinks, creams and lotions.

However, scientists are not altogether in agreement on the effectiveness of aloe vera as a medicine. It is difficult to research the effects of aloe vera properly, because it is such a complicated herb. Aloe vera contains 75 different nutrients, including enzymes, vitamins, minerals, sugars and acids. Supposedly, it can help with muscle growth, be anti-bacterial, aid digestion, heal wounds, and much more – but then alternative medicine always tends to claim too much when it comes to its remedies. It is widely believed that aloe vera is effective against the common cold, although no medicine has ever been proved to cure it.

You should also be aware that aloe vera, although it is a traditional remedy, can have side effects. Reported side effects include liver dysfunction, burning sensations, allergic reactions, nausea, strangely-coloured urine, and dermatitis, although all of them are rare. Some studies have shown that, while the aloe vera does relieve pain, wounds treated with aloe vera can take longer to heal than usual, making it an undesirable treatment in many situations.

There are also many conditions you can have which mean that you shouldn’t take aloe vera. If you’re pregnant or breast-feeding, allergic to garlic or onions, or have kidney or heart disease, you should avoid aloe vera. It should never be given to children or animals, as it can be poisonous to them.

John Gibb is the owner of aloe vera sources , For more information on aloe vera please check out

Article Source:


Aloe Vera Benefits❥Vitamins A, B1, B12, C, E

Ancient Sumerian tablets which dated as far back as 2200 BC suggest that Sumerians during that time used Aloe vera as a laxative. There was also evidence that the Ancient Egyptians used Aloe Vera. Aloe vera was ground up, mixed with other medicinal herbs and boiled. This was used in
12 healing formulas which were included in the Ancient Egyptian’s Ebers Papyrus (1550 BC). At around 400 BC, the Aloe vera’s sap was boiled down and was exported via Arabian traders which spread it throughout the Asian continent. In India, on the other hand, Aloe vera has been used as a healing agent both internally and externally and was called ‘sient healer’.

Aloe Vera Cautions for Use❥Aloe vera should be avoided by those who are allergic to the onion family. Also, pregnant women and lactating mothers should avoid taking Aloe vera orally. Chronic use of Aloe may also lead to potassium deficiency. It can also reduce the absorption of drugs. People with Diabetes should also consult their doctors first before taking Aloe as it may lower blood glucose levels.

Thanks❥Dr. John K. Char, DDS DHM LMT PhD


Aloe Vera Juice and its wonders

10:30 pm

Sharib Azmi

Aloe Vera is a common plant found in the garden of each and every Indian house, also it is famous only for the moisturizing abilities which is why it forms the main element of several beauty products across the world. There are many people who surely know that the secret for beautiful women in the world Cleopatra is said to be goat milk but there are very few people who know that even Aloe Vera is the secret for her beauty.

It is a known fact that aloe vera grows perfectly in climate which is warm and dry hence there are many botanists who believe that this plant has its origins from deserts of Africa where the climate suits this plant’s growth. Apart from this the reason for availability of this plant across entire world so much is its ability to adapt to any nature apart from this people also have taken up the duty of carrying this plant from one place to other in order to gain advantages from this plant even in various other areas.

Though there is no duty taken up by anyone to officially promote this plant it can be surely said that aloe vera still stands to be hugely getting recognition across the world for being the main ingredient in healing any burns and bruises. However this does not mean that aloe vera has to be applied externally instead the juice extracted from aloe vera has to be included in the diet though it might leave the mouth with bitter taste.

However with the several advantages it has to offer it can be surely said that there are people who are willing to leave this bitter taste in their mouth for some time. For all those who are aware of cocktail might be happy to know that taking aloe vera juice will be something similar to a cocktail of vitamins and minerals like Vitamin A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, E, Niacin and Folic acid. Well this is not the end to advantages since there are even minerals like Sodium, Iron, Copper, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Chromium and Manganese along with 19 other amino acids among which 8 of which cannot be produced by the body on their own.

Also taking in aloe vera juice before meal will make help the body in getting all the necessary nutrients from the food being consumed, further it also increases the absorption of several vitamins which are taken daily. However it is not necessary for a glass of juice to be consumed but it will be sufficient to take 80gms of juice 3 times in a day to do its work on the body.

Here we are to give you detailed benefits that can be gained from this plant and its juice:

  • Helps in weight loss: Presence of an element named collagen in Aloe Vera is the one responsible to feeding those cells present in hair and skin, also it is not easy to digest hence needs lot of energy for digestion resulting in losing lots of weight. For all those who have tried several weight losing methods should once give a try to aloe vera juice.
  • Boosts immunity: Anti-oxidants present in aloe juice are found to provide full support to the immunity system which helps in fighting free radicals and environment pollutants throughout the day. This juice also is said to regulate the process in which our body’s immune system works.
  • Treats constipation: People suffering with constipation can drink aloe vera juice after which it is necessary to wait for about 10 minutes to see the result, also this juice is known to help in bowel movement and treating chronic constipation. However it is also suggested to see that this juice will not be taken in larger quantities which otherwise will cause damage to the intestine lining.
  • Anti-inflammation: Aloe Vera is found to have 12 substances which constrain inflammation apart from this it is also being considered best medicine for people suffering with arthritis, therefore reducing any swelling or pain in the joint.
  • Improves digestion: Aloe Vera juice helps our digestive system by ensuring that the body takes in all the necessary nutrients by increasing bowel movements. This juice also lessens the development of bacteria and yeast in the gut, apart from which it helps in lessening the heartburns and any other problems in digestive system.
  • Treat diabetes: If aloe vera juice is taken for 3 continuous months it has been proved that this will help in treating diabetes by having a check on the sugar levels. Apart from controlling diabetes it is also known to increase blood circulation and taking a reverse turn of sludge blood.
  • Get beautiful skin: As informed in the start of this article presence of collagen is enough to help in keeping a check on the skin health, collagen is the main element which provides nutrition to the skin also preventing skin ageing. Aloe vera also is best medicine to cure minor cuts, burns or any skin irritation.

    It is better to add aloe vera juice in the diet however it has to be taken care that this juice should not be consumed more than 2 to 4 oz daily which when crossed with result in allergic reactions or nausea which is also felt when vitamins are taken in huge quantities.


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Benefits of Almond Milk

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Almond milk is a great alternative to dairy milk.
Weight Management,
Plain almond milk without added sugars or flavoring contains 60 calories per each 8 oz serving size. This option works well for people looking to lose or maintain weight.

The low caloric content of almond milk causes less of an impact on our totally daily consumption of food calories. Some milk varieties contain more sugars than the cereal that they get combined with.

Heart Health,
Almond milk contains no cholesterol and only 5 mg of sodium per serving. Consuming foods low in sodium and cholesterol help us to maintain better heart health and normal blood pressure.
Without cholesterol, almond milk also decreases our chances of gaining bad cholesterol levels, all while increasing the good cholesterol levels. Almond milk also contains 150 mg of potassium in every serving. This mineral works to promote healthy blood pressure.

Blood Sugar Friendly,
Unlike other milk alternatives, the plain almond option contains only 8 grams of carbohydrates per serving. The 7 grams of sugars that make up the carbohydrate content have a limited affect on our blood sugar levels. When we consume simple sugars, our metabolic functions tend to miss the nutrients, storing much of the carbs as fat.
Instead, the low amount of sugars in almond milk have a low glycemic nature, meaning our bodies fully digest them and use them as energy. Diabetics benefit from this characteristic as well.

Bone Health
Almond milk contains 30% of our recommended daily value of calcium and 25% of Vitamin D. These nutrients work together to build strong bones in men, women, children and infants.
Vitamin D also helps improve immunity and cell function. Some studies have shown that Vitamin D helps decrease osteoporosis and even Alzheimer’s disease. The magnesium in found in almond milk helps absorb more of the calcium provided by the nutritious beverage.

Skin Care
Every serving of pure almond milk contains 50% of our recommended daily value of Vitamin E. This powerful nutrient has antioxidant abilities in that it helps regulate Vitamin A use and availability.
More importantly, Vitamin E acts the primary regulatory nutrient that improves skin health.

Eye Health
The moderate levels of Vitamin A found in almond milk helps keep our eyes functioning properly. Vitamin A directly influences the eye’s ability to adjust to differences in light.

More Muscle Power
Even though almond milk only contains 1 gram of protein per serving, it does contain B Vitamins in the form of riboflavin, plus other muscle regulating nutrients like iron. Each serving of almond milk contains about 4% of our recommended daily intake of iron, which helps muscles absorb and use protein for energy, growth and repair.

With Dua
Aliwale Hussainwale

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Posted on Updated on

Scientific name: Premna Odorata Blanco

Tagalog: Adiyo, Alagaw

AlagawAlagaw is a tree that is only found in the Philippines. It grows wild on Mt. Banahaw and in many other places in the Philippines. For many years now, Alagaw has been considered a drug in the Philippines, being used to loosen phlegm and relieve coughs. It is also claimed to benefit tuberculosis and headaches. Its other properties are carminative, parasiticide, sudorific, and pectoral. Alagaw is one of the great medicinal herbs of the Philippines.

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Akapulko Herbal Medicine

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Akapulko Scientific Name : Cassia alata

akapulko02Also known as:
bayabas-bayabasan,kapurko, katanda, katandang aso, pakagonkon, sonting (Tag.); andadasi, andadasi-a-dakdakel, andadasi-bugbugtong (Ilk.); adadisi (Ting.); ancharasi (Ig.); andalan (Sul.); bayabasin, bikas-bikas (Bik., Tag., Bis.,); kasitas (Bik., Bis.); sunting, palo china (Bis.); pakayomkom kastila (Pamp.); ringworm bush or shrub (Engl.), Acapulco (Engl)

Akapulko is used as herbal medicine and is a shrub that grows wild in the tropical climate of Philippines. Akapulko is widely used in the Philippines as herbal medicine. The akapulko leaves contain chrysophanic acid, a fungicide that is used to

treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies and eczema.. Akapulko leaves are also known to be sudorific, diuretic and purgative, usedto treat intestinal problems including intestinal parasites. Akapulko is also used as herbal medicine to treat bronchitis and asthma. Because of Akapulko’s anti-fungal properties, it is a common ingredient in soaps, shampoos, and lotions in the Philippines. The Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD) has helped develop the technology for a akapulko herbal medicine lotion.

Akapulko is an erect, shrubby legume with dark green compound leaves. Akapulko leaves have orange rachis that has 16-28 leaflets. Akapulko produces an axis of golden yellow flowers that has 4-winged pods containing 50-60 flattened, triangular seeds. Akapulko flowers are enclosed by yellow-orange bracts that are later shed in time.

akapulko, herbal medicine for skin disease

Akapulko is used as herbal medicine for the following skin diseases

  • Tinea infections,
  • insect bites,
  • ringworms,
  • eczema,
  • scabies and
  • itchiness.

Preparation and application of Akapulko herbal medicine

Pound Akapulko leaves, squeeze the juice and apply topically on affected area twice a day until cured. There are commercially available Akapulko herbal medicine lotions in the Philippine market for skin diseases treatment. If symptoms persist or irritation occurs, stop the use and consult your doctor.

akapulko, herbal medicine for stomach problems

Akapulko is used as herbal medicine for the following stomach problems

  • Laxative to expel intestinal parasites,
  • diuretic
  • purgative.
  • Strong decoction of leaves are also known to cause abortion in pregnant women.

Preparation and application of Akapulko herbal medicine for treatment of stomach problems

Pound or cut a cup of Akapulko seeds, Akapulko leaves and flowers into manageable sizes then let it seep in boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes to creat an Akapulko herbal tea. Let it cool and drink a cup three times a day. The potency of Akapulko herbal tea is good to last for one day. Make new Akapulko herbal tea as needed. When symptoms persist or irritation occurs stop the use and consult your doctor.

akapulko, herbal medicine for lung and mouth problems

Akapulko is used as herbal medicine for the following lung and mouth problems:

  • Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea,
  • mouthwash in stomatitis,
  • alleviation of asthma symptoms

Preparation and application of Akapulko herbal medicine for lung and mouth problems

As expectorant and for the alleviation of asthma attacks. Drink a cup of Akapulko herbal medicine tea (see above for the preparation) three times a day until symptoms improved.

For the treatment of mouth infections such as stomatitis, gargle the Akapulko herbal tea three times a day until symptoms improve.

If symptoms persist and irritation occurs, stop the use and consult your doctor.

preparation of akapulko herbal ointment

To prepare an Akapulko herbal ointment prepare and follow these instructions.

  1. Wash fresh leaves of Akapulko thoroughly and cut in small pieces.
  2. Add one glass of cooking oil or coconut oil to one glass of cut fresh leaves.
  3. Fry until crispy.
  4. Remove from the heat; strain.
  5. Cut 2 white candles (Esperma No. 5) into small pieces
  6. In a cooking pot, pour the strained oil together with the candle pieces; stir until the candle has melted.
  7. Pour the mixture into a clean container; cover when cool.
  8. Apply the Akapulko herbal ointment to affected areas twice daily.

(Source: <


Philippine Herbal Medicine: Akapulko / Acapulco (Cassia alata)

Akapulko or Acapulco in English is a shrub found throughout the Philippines. It is known under various names in different regions in the country. Locals call the plant katanda, andadasi, and palochina in Tagalog, Ilocos and in the Visayas regions, respectively. The shrub belongs to the family of Leguminosae, and grows about one to two meters tall. It has thick branches and the leaves are embraced with 8 to 20 leaflets that are oblong-elliptical in shape. The flowers of the Akapulko have oblong sepals, and its fruits are tetragonal, which are also winged and glabrous. A medicinal herb that contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies, and eczema. Akapulko also contains saponin, a laxative that is useful in expelling intestinal parasites.

The primary part used for herbal purposes are the leaves, although the roots and flowers are also used for certain preparations with medicinal value. The extracts from the Akapulko plant is commonly used as an ingredient for lotions, soaps, and shampoos.

Benefits & Treatment of Akapulko: Preparation & Use:
• External Use:

Treatment of skin diseases:
Tinea infections, insect bites, ringworms, eczema, scabies and itchiness.
• Mouthwash in stomatitis

• Internal use:
Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea
• Alleviation of asthma symptoms
• Used as diuretic and purgative
• For cough & fever
• As a laxative to expel intestinal parasites and other stomach problems.

Note: A strong decoction of Akapulko leaves is an abortifacient. Pregnant women should not take decoction of the leaves or any part of this plant.

• For external use, pound the leaves of the Akapulko plant, squeeze the juice and apply on affected areas.

• As the expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea, drink decoction (soak and boil for 10 to 15 minutes) of Akapulko leaves. The same preparation may be used as a mouthwash, stringent, and wash for eczema.

• As laxative, cut the plant parts (roots, flowers, and the leaves) into a manageable size then prepare a decoction Note: The decoction looses its potency if not used for a long time. Dispose leftovers after one day.

• The pounded leaves of Akapulko has purgative functions, specifically against ringworms.

It should be noted that the pounded leaves of this plant may be applied thinly on the affected part twice a day. Marked improvement may be expected after two to three weeks of continuous application to the affected area(s) where the prepared Akapulko leaves were applied.



(Cassia alata), ringworm bush in english is a shrub found throughout the Philippines. A madicinal herb that contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies and eczema. Akapulko also contains saponin, a laxative that is uaeful in expelling intestinal parasites. The extracts from the acapulco plant is commonly used as an ingredient for lotions, soaps and shampoos.

For external use: pound the leaves of the akapulko plant, squeeze the juice and apply on affected area.

For internal use: cut the plant parts into pieces then soak and boil. Let cool and use as soon as possible. dispose leftovers after one day.


Akapulko – Scientific name: Cassia alata L

English: Ringworm bush or shrub
Tagalog: Akapulko

Akapulko is a shrub that grows wild on Mt. Banahaw. The leaves contain chrysophanic acid. The leaves are reported to be sudorific, diuretic and purgative, being used in the same manner as senna. The leaves are commonly used for ringworm and other skin diseases. The leaves in concoction are also used to treat bronchitis and asthma.

Traditional Uses:

For fungal skin infections: Ring worm, tinea (white spots), athlete’s foot

How to Use:

As anti fungal, apply juice from the pounded leaves on affected areas of the skin. Strong decoction of leaves and flowers for cleansing eczema and other skin itch.

As an ointment: Prepared from the leaves and apply twice a day.

Precaution: apply thinly on affected skin. Improvement will be noticed after 2 to 3 weeks of treatment.


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Halamang Gamot: Agoho (Casuarina equisetifolia)

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By pinoyfarmer | March 10, 2010

Agoho01Ang balat ng punong agoho ay mainam sa sakit sa minamanas o may beri-beri at namamagang buto. Nagpapagaling din ng taghiyawat.

Mag-laga ng balat 1/2 kl., lagyan ng tatlong (3) basong tubig at inumin tatlong beses maghapon.


Casuarina equisetifolia is a species of she-oak of the genus Casuarina, native to Australasia, southeast Asia such as in Philippines  locally know to them as Agoho, and islands of the western Pacific Ocean, from Burma and Vietnam east to French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu, and south to Australia  (north of Northern Territory, north and east Queensland, and northeastern New South Wales). It is also found in West Africa, where it is known as the Filao Tree  and is planted to prevent erosion in sandy soils. It is possibly native to Madagascar.  These plants are an invasive species in Florida, known as Australian pines.

It is an evergreen tree growing to 6–35 m (20–110 ft) tall. The foliage consists of slender, much-branched green to grey-green twigs 0.5–1 mm (0.020–0.039 in) diameter, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6–8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences; the male flowers in simple spikes 0.7–4 cm (0.28–1.6 in) long, the female flowers on short peduncles. Unlike most other species of Casuarina (which are dioecious) it is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree. The fruit is an oval woody structure 10–24 mm (0.39–0.94 in) long and 9–13 mm (0.35–0.51 in) in diameter, superficially resembling a conifer cone made up of numerous carpels each containing a single seed with a small wing 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) long.

There are two subspecies:

* Casuarina equisetifolia subsp. equisetifolia. Large tree to 35 m (110 ft) tall; twigs 0.5–0.7 mm (0.020–0.028 in) diameter, hairless. Southeast Asia, northern Australia.
* Casuarina equisetifolia subsp. incana (Benth.) L.A.S.Johnson. Small tree to 12 m (39 ft) tall; twigs 0.7–1 mm (0.028–0.039 in) diameter, downy. Eastern Australia (eastern Queensland, New South Wales), New Caledonia, southern Vanuatu.

Casuarina is widely used as a bonsai subject, particularly in Southeast Asia and parts of the Caribbean. Indonesian specimens and those cultivated in Taiwan are regarded among the best in the bonsai world.


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Posted on

Nerium indicum Mill.

Scientific names Common names
Neroum indicum Mill. Adelfa (Span., Tag.)
Neroum oleander Blanco Baladre (Tag.)
Nerium odorum Soland. Ceylon Tree (Engl.)
Dog bane (Engl.)
Oleander (Engl.)
Rose bay (Engl.)
South sea rose (Engl.)
Chia-chu-t’ao (Chin.)

Adelfa is an erect, smooth shrub, 1.5 to 3 meters high with a cream-colored, sticky, resinous juice. Leaves are in whorls of 3 or 4, linear-lanceolate, 10 to15 centimeters long, with numerous horizontal nerves. Flowers are showy, sweet-scented, single or double, 4 to 5 centimeters in diameter, white, pink, or red, borne on terminal inflorescences (cymes). Fruit is cylindric, paired, with deep linear striations, 15 to 20 centimeters long. Seeds are numerous and compressed, with a tuft of fine, shining, white and grayish, silky hairs.

– Throughout the Philippines in cultivation.
– Nowhere established.
– Introduced by the Spaniards.
– Native of subtropical or tropical Asia.
– Now pantropic.

– Phytochemical screening has yielded cardiac glycosides, pregnanes, terpenes flavonoids, etc.
– Study yielded glycoside, oleadrin; tannin; volatile oil, 0.25%.
– Yielded two principles: neriin and oleandrin, glucosides with properties similar to digitalin.
– The seeds yield fat 17.4%, phytosterin and l-strophanthin.
– Bark contains toxic glycosides: rosaginin and nerlin, volatile oil, fixed oil.
– Nerium odorum’s bark yielded two toxic bitter principles–neriodorin and neriodorein. Another toxic principle is karabin. Both karabin and neriodorin are probably resins, rather than glucosides.
– Roots yield a yellow, poisonous resin, tannic acid, wax, and sugar, but no alkaloid or volatile poison.
– Study isolated 14 compounds: a new prenane, 14α,16-dihydroxy-3-oxo-γ-lactone-pregn-4-en-21-oic acid (16β,17α), and thirteen known cardiac glycosides:oleandrin, oleandrigenin, neriosid, nerigoside,16,17-didehydrosomalin, oleaside A, adynerin, odoroside-A , 3β-hydroxy-5β-carda-8β,14β,20,(22)-trienolid, odoroside H, deacetyloandrin, adynerigenin,3β-hydroxy-5α-8β,14β-epoxy-card-20(22)-enolid.

– Leaves and flowers are considered cardiotonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic and expectorant.
– Whole plant believed to have anticancer, antiinflammatory, antibacterial, sedating, and anthelmintic effects.
– The pharmacologic actions of of neriin and oleandrin resemble those of digitalis glucosides. In human beings, toxicity manifests as nausea, vomiting, colic, decreased appetite, dizziness, drowsiness, bradycardia and irregular heart beats, pupillary dilation, and sometimes unconsciousness attributed to digitalis poisoning.
– Reported biologic activities to include anti-inflammatory, sedative, anti-bacterial, csrdiac, anti-neoplastic and anthelmintic.

Parts used and preparation
Bark and leaves.

– Herpes zoster (skin): Crush leaves, mix with oil and apply on lesions. Do not apply on raw surface. Milky juice of the plant is irritating. Caution: Not to be taken internally.
– Herpes simplex: Mix 1 cup of chopped leaves and bark with 2 tablespoons of oil. Apply to lesions 3 times daily.
– Ringworm: Chop a foot long branch and mix with 1 cup chopped fresh young leaves. Mix the juice with 5 drops of fresh coconut oil. Apply 3 times daily.
– Snake bites: Pound 10 leaves and a piece of branch. Apply poultice to the wound.
– Root used, locally and internally, by women in western and southern India and in the central Malay Peninsula for suicide and for procuring criminal abortion.
– Past of bark of the roots is applied externally for ringworm.
– Used in leprosy, skin eruptions, and boils.
– In the Punjab and Cashmere areas, roots are used for asthma.
– Leaves used in the treatment of malaria and dysmenorrhea; also used as abortifacient.
– Roots, made into paste with water, used for hemorrhoids.
– Leaves and bark used externally for eczema, snake bites and as insecticide; internally, used for epilepsy.
– Dried leaves used as sternutatory.
– Infusion of leaves and fruit used a cardiac regulator.
– In Morocco, fresh leaves applied to tumors to hasten suppuration.
– In traditional Chinese medicine, the flowers and leaves have been used to stimulate the cardiac muscles, relieve pain and eliminate blood stasis.


Molluscicidal activity of Nerium indicum bark: The study showed the bark of Nerium indicum as an important source of botanical molluscicide and is an effective insecticide against Blatta orientalis. Glycosides, steroids and terpenoids were also isolated from Nerium indicum.
Primary Metabolites: Study on the quantification of primary metabolites in N. indicum yielded carbohydrates, proteins, phenols, lipids, etc. N. indicum’s stem contains higher levels of phenol which has immuno-modulating, anti-tumour and antibacterial activities.
Tincture Cardiovascular Effect: Tincture Karveer is a potent cardiotonic drug which is also purported to relieve symptoms of Cor pulmonale as a bronchodilator and cough sedative. The tincture is considered safe and helpful, and promising for the treatment of CHF in humans.
Neuroprotective: Study of isolated polysaccharides from the flowers of N. indicum (J6) showed potential as a neuroprotective agent against neuronal death in Alzheimer’s disease through a mechanism that may primarily rely on inactivation of the JNK signaling pathway.
Polysaccharides / Nerve Growth Factor-like Effect: Study of polysaccharides J1 (a rhamnogalacturonan) and J2 (a xyloglucan) from the whole flowers of N. indicum were tested on the proliferation and differentiation of PC12 pheochromocytoma cells and found to have nerve growth factor-life effect.
Analgesic: Study of extract of flowers and roots of N. indicum showed promising antinociceptive activity mediated through the prostaglandin pathways with analgesic principles interfering with the biosynthesis of prostaglandins.
Larvicidal: Study of larvicidal lethality of extracts of lattices of N indicum and E royleana on Culex quinquefasciatus showed significant delay in embryonic development of Culex larvae.
Antimicrobial / Antifungal: In a study of the ethanolic extracts of dried leaves of N. indicum and Martynia annua, N indicum showed significant antibacterial and antifungal activity compared to M. annua.
Anti-Angiogenesis: Study yielded three oligosaccharides. Bioactivity angiogenesis testing showed two of the oligosaccharides significantly inhibited the HMEC-1 cell tube formation.
Cytotoxicity / Anticancer: Most of the compounds isolated from the leaves of N. indicum exhibited strong cytotoxicity against HeLa cell. Odoroside-A exhibited the strongest cytotoxicity.
Molluscicidal: Study of different bark preparations showed varying degrees of time- and dose-dependent molluscicidal activity.
Anti-Ulcer: Study of a methanol extract against pylorus-induced gastric ulcer and indomethacin-induced ulcer in rats showed significant antiulcer activity in all models with significant reduction of gastric volume, free acidity, and ulcer index. Results suggest an antisecretory effect.
Anti-Diabetic: Study investigated the antidiabetic activity of a leaf extract in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats. Results showed significant antidiabetic activity. The antihyperglycemic action of the extracts may be due to improvement of the glycemic control mechanisms.
CNS Effects / Sedative / Hypnotic : Study on behavior pattern in mice showed fractions of leaves extract induced sedation at low dose and hypnosis at high doses. Fractions also showed significant decrease in locomotion counts, decrease in motor performances and enhancement of hexobarbital sleeping time. Effects are possibly through GABA-ergic modifications.
Anti-HIV / Anticancer: In a small clinical trial (20 patients in a DB, placebo controlled study) in a Johannesburg AIDS clinic evaluating the effectiveness of supplements ingredients (Nerium oleander and Sutherlandia frutescens) against HIV results showed significant improvement with an increase in CD4 count while the placebo group declined.
Hepatoprotective: A methanolic plant extract showed remarkable hepatoprotective activity against carbon-tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
Toxicity Studies: (1) Study evaluated the toxic effects of a crude watery extract in male adult guinea pigs. The lowest nonlethal dose was 300 mg/kbw and doses of 450 to 900 caused varying frequency of mortality. The LD50 is 540 mg/kbw. (2) Study reported clinical, ECG, and pathologic findings in goats consistenet with those reported in sheep and cattle. Main signs were related to the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Study concludes goat is susceptible to oleander toxicosis just like other domestic ruminants. However, the unpalatable nature of the plant and the selective feeding habit of the goat, make poisoning in this species infrequent.


Adelfa (Nerium oleander)

Adelfa is an evergreen shrub that grows from 6 to 20 feet in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide including the Philippines. Its flowers may range in color from white, pink, red and any shade between them. Adelfa is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of ulcers, ringworms, leprosy, eczema, hemorrhoids, herpes simplex and herpes zoster (skin shingles). It is also effective as skin insect repellant.

Adelfa/Nerium oreander is also is being promoted to treat cancer, heart failure and even AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). However, its effectiveness have not yet been proven to treat these ailments. For cancer treatment, initial testing is promising. Test show that oleandrin, an ingredient of adelfa leaves, causes the death of some cancer cells. Further research is however needed.

Warning: Extracts from leaves, flowers, bark, stems and roots of Adelfa (Nerium oreander) is toxic to humans and animals when taken internally and may even cause death. Adelfa can also cause abortion if taken orally, even in small amounts. Consult with a health care provider before starting any treatment using any plant part or extract of this poisonous shrub.

Preparation & Use of Adelfa/Nerium oreander in traditional medicine:

  • For herpes zoster: Mix crushed leaves and oil, then apply on lesions on the surface of the skin. Do not apply when skin has eruptions.
    • Herpes simplex and eczema: Blend chopped adelfa leaves and bark with some oil and apply directly to lesions, 3 times a day.
    • Snake bites: make a poultice of finely ground leaves and branch of adelfa. Apply directly on wound and cover with cloth or gauze. Secure with surgical tape.
    • Ringworms: Make a paste using crushed and finely chopped bark of the root and a little coconut oil. Apply on skin 3 times a day.
    • For Hemorrhoids, crush roots and make a paste by adding a little water, then apply.
    • Roots and bark used externally for , snake bites and as insecticide.
    • Tumors: Apply fresh leaves directly to tumors to accelerate suppuration.



(Nerium indicum mill)or in english it is called the South sea Rose. Smooth shrub with a cream-colored sticky resinous juice. Flowers are sweet scented single or double, white, pink or red.

Folkloric uses: For skin; herpes or other skin diseases;Crush leaves mix with oil and apply on lesions. do not apply on raw surface. milky juice of the plant is irritating. for ringworm; chop branch with a cup young leaves, mix juice with drops of fresh coconut oil, apply 3X daily. Snake bites; pound leaves and a piece of branch apply poultice to the wound. Roots; decoction of roots locally and internally is used for abortion. Roots; made into paste with water for hemorrhoids.


Adelfa – Scientific name: Nerium Indicum Mil

English: Oleander, Aldelfa ;
Tagalog: Aldelfa

Erect, smooth shrub, 1.5 to 3 meters high with a cream-colored sticky resinous juice. Leaves are in whorls of 3 or 4, linear-lanceolate, 10-15 cm long, with numerous horizontal nerves. Flowers are showy, sweet-scented, single or double, 4-5 cm in diameter, white, pink or red, borne in terminal inflorescence (cymes). Fruit is cylindrical, paired, with deep linear striations, 15-20 cm long. Seeds are numerous and compressed, with a tuft of fine, shining, white, silky hairs.

– Herpes zoster (skin): Crush leaves, mix with oil and apply on lesions. Do not apply on raw surface. Milky juice of the plant is irritating. Caution: Not to be taken internally.
– Herpes simplex: Mix 1 cup of chopped leaves and bark with 2 tablespoons of oil. Apply to lesions 3 times daily.
– Ringworm: Chop a foot long branch and mix with 1 cup chopped fresh young leaves. Mix the juice with 5 drops of fresh coconut oil. Apply 3 times daily.
– Snake bites: Pound 10 leaves and a piece of branch. Apply poultice to the wound.
– Root, locally and internally, used for abortion.
– Roots, made into paste with water, used for hemorrhoids.
– Roots and bark used externally for eczema, snake bites and as insecticide.
– Fresh leaves applied to tumors to hasten suppuration.

Constituents and properties
Glycoside, oleadrin; tannin; volatile oil, 0.25%.
Nerium oleander’s leaves contain two principles: neriin and oleandrin, glucosides with properties similar to digitalin.
The seeds contain phytosterin and l-strophnathin. The bark contains toxic glycosides: rosaginin and nerlin, volatile oil, fixed oil.

Nerium odorum’s bark yielded two toxic bitter principles­neriodorin and neriodorein. Another toxic principle is karabin. Both karabin and neriodorin are probably resins, rather than glucosides.

The pharmacologic actions of of neriin and oleandrin resemble those of digitalis glucosides. In human beings, toxicity manifests as nausea, vomiting, colic, decreased appetite, dizziness, drowsiness, bradycardia and irregular heart beats, pupillary dilation, and sometimes unconsciousness attributed to digitalis poisoning.

Cultivated for its flowers; nowwhere established.


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Uses Health Benefits of Acacia / Rain Tree

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Posted on March 28, 2011 by marvin

AcaciaIn my previous post, I did some research if fruit of acacia tree can be eaten.  The answer is yes, it is edible. Though eating such is not enjoyable due to some stated reasons.

While doing my research, I found many useful information about acacia or rain tree. I listed all the beneficial things I found.  I also tried to find some side effects to avoid bias, found nothing though.

Here are the uses and health benefits:

1) Fruits are can be used as ruminant feeds.

2) The root decoction is used in hot baths for stomach cancer. I wonder how external application can cure internal disorder.

3) It is a folk remedy for colds, diarrhea, headache, intestinal ailments and stomachache.

4) Prevention of tuberculosis. The leaf alcoholic extract can inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

5) Fruit decoction is used as central nervous system sedative. Good to take if you are problematic or stress.

6) Leaf infusion is used as laxative. She is suffering from hard bowel movement. I would recommend it to her.

7) Chew the seeds for soar throat. The seeds are hard. You gonna suffer from toothache before relieving the  soar throat.

8) A fruit drink can be made from pulp. I wonder who are doing this kind of preparation. Pulp is difficult to separate from brittle skins.

9) Can be a good non-meat protein source. A fallen ripe pod has 12-18 percent protein content.

10)  The bark is a rich source of gum resin. Slice it and the latex will exude in few minutes.  I often stab acacia tree and watch the latex exudes (it was during my childhood years).

11) The boiled inner bark and fresh leaves are cure for diarrhea and stomachache.

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