Management by Interaction

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A Provocative Paradigm for Business in the 21st Century

Management by Interaction emphasizes communication and balance of male/female energy as well as integration of all human aspects (mental, emotional, physical and spiritual), creating an empowered, high-energy, high-productive workforce.  It is based on shared goals and active participation of all parties, especially through communication, caring and sharing.  Actively using energy produced through synergistic and symbiotic differences to complement and enhance shared goals.

According to Webster’s New World Dictionary,  “Interaction” means participating with each other reciprocally (equally on both sides, mutual, complementary, to give and to get, to return in kind, to move back and forth, to interchange positions, to be equivalent).

The Merriam-Webster Thesaurus lists as synonyms: Coact, Interplay and Interreact, and lists the related words: Collaborate and Cooperate.

The Management by Interaction style of working consists of recognizing:

  1. Thoughts, feelings and actions culminating in teamwork.
  2. Creative energy, aliveness and excitement that constantly builds and recreates itself in new ways.
  3. An opportunity to a deeper connection between people who spend a great portion of their waking hours together.

In the last 20 years, we have been moving slowly away from the idea that each person is separate and must compete with each other in order to be successful to the concept of shared responsibility, team work and deeply inter-related, inter-connected dealings — whether inside a business, in an industry or on a global level.  We can no longer function in isolation.

As people who must inter-relate with each other, we find the old ways of doing business no longer fit.  Our old beliefs no longer serve us as they once did.

We need new models of doing business, new models of getting along with each other — in business, in the community, in the world.  Our workforce is becoming more diversified, yet as long as we cling to the idea of protecting “mine” against “them,” we will not achieve the productivity and success that we desire.

“Management by Interaction” is a light-hearted way to deal with change — a provocative theory to help us face some of our beliefs and change them in a way that is a natural outgrowth of our most human aspects.

Change is always difficult for humans, yet it is the nature of the universe to change and grow — constantly.  We can view change as fun, as challenging, as invigorating and exciting — or we can view it as something that is done to us.

“Management by Interaction” is a light-hearted approach to solving very serious business problem.  Change does not have to be difficult. We can chose to have fun as we change.

The sole point of this management style is to inspire people to see things in new ways, to empower them to trust themselves in their changes, to learn to trust others in a partnership with all of life, most especially those they work with in business.  And most of all, to enjoy the process!

It has been proven many times that people who enjoy their work and are self-motivated do work harder and produce better products.  The results are solid business — improved bottom line, increased profits, fewer accidents and injuries, lower turnover, and higher quality.

In the old business models, thoughts (intellect) and actions were the only things valued — a 2-dimensional model —  me against you and/or us against them.

In the new business models, we must also deal with feelings (emotions) as well as the larger context in which we operate — a 3-dimensional model.

And, we must begin to deal with the unknown factors that are operating at all times — the spiritual, mysterious, unseen forces that operate around us and often are stronger than those forces which we can see with our eyes, hear with our ears or touch with our hands.

We must understand that the “context” in which we operate (our beliefs, values and principles) may be stronger than any of the physical forces.  This “context” may be called anything you want to call it.  Some people call it “God,” “soul,” “spirit,” “Great Spirit,” “Mother Nature,” “Father Sky” or “the Universe.”  Others call it the “ultimate stuff’ or the “x factor” or the “Big Picture.”  Whatever the “context” is, it is at work in everything we do.  To avoid a conflict with people’s belief, we use the word “context” to cover all of these and more.

We can argue about it, try to define it or just assume that it is there and leave it alone.  It’s like “Truth.”  Truth exists and is, whether we believe it or not.  We each carry our own version of “truth.”  “Context” is like that — unseen, yet a very powerful force.

“Management by Interaction” implies using information, systems and people as in other management methods yet in a more participative, interactive people-oriented exchange.  It implies that “managers” are not only givers, but receivers as well.  Managers may give direction as they receive participation.  Managers may give empowerment as they receive productivity.  Managers who give orders without understanding this reciprocal give and take process will usually receive resentment or resistance.

To connect and interact in such a way, a great deal of communication, trust and respect is required from all parties.  The possibility of deeper communication and stronger teamwork, partnership and connection exists between people when those are present.

The definition of the synonym “interplay” provides for the potential for humor, something often missing in management theories — something very much needed in the very serious times we’re in.

Creativity is needed to break down some of the stereotypes and combative issues that surface in many workplaces.  There is a huge opportunity for using humor and proactive approaches to look at the problems we all face

As you review the definitions and components of Management by Interaction, allow your mind to open, allow yourself to find joy in seeing the humor in the processes and allow yourself to laugh, giggle or snicker as you begin to enjoy the process of looking at business in a whole new way!


Intellectual / Thinking/ Components:

Information Knowledge
Planning Documentation
Preparation Systems
Methods Tools
Process: How, when, where, what, why History
Research Rules/Guidelines
Truth Wisdom
Understanding Awareness

Emotional / Feeling Components:

Insight Joy
Bonding Satisfaction
Friendship Passion
Warmth Excitement
Anticipation Fulfillment
Compassion Creativity
Caring Sharing
Fun / Playful Communication

Action / Energetic Components:

Giving Energizing
Receiving Participating
Productive Electrifying
Supporting Unifying
Changing Joining
Growing Ebb and Flow
Partnership Expansion / Contraction
Chaos / Confusion Involvement
Dynamic Powerful

Context / Unseen Components:

Truth Paradox
Instinctive Intriguing
Mysterious Basic
Balance Freedom
Safety Security
Strength Nourishing
Trust Community
Independence / Dependence Complementary Differences
Symbiotic Synergistic

Note: The name of this management style was changed from “Management by Intercourse” because it was a bit too provocative for some of our readers.  Our society places too much energy on this word for it to be easily “acceptable” yet in some business settings.  Our original explanation of the style was: The dictionary meanings of “intercourse” are predominantly directed toward business issues of business and commerce, dealing with people, as well as exchanging services and ideas in a deep personal sense.  According to Webster’s New World Dictionary, “intercourse” means “1. Communication or dealings between or among people, countries, etc; interchange of products, services, ideas, feelings, etc.”  The Merriam-Webster Thesaurus lists as synonyms: 1. Commerce, 2. Communication, 3. Contact.

Source: This management style was created and developed by Barbara Taylor and Michael Anthony in 1992.

My Source: http://www.itstime.com/mbi.htm

Hewlett’s Management by Walking Around

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Posted by Dave Murphy on January 14, 2001 at 06:56:33:

In Reply to: William Hewlett Dies At 87 posted by christian on January 13, 2001 at 20:40:53:

Hewlett’s style defined the term “management by walking around.” His style of business management demonstrated his interest in how HP’s employees were fairing, and he didn’t rely on layers of sub-managers to report to him. He preferred to visit the operational departments himself — he walked around.

The term and it’s acronym, MBWA, entered public consciousness following the 1982 publication of the book “In Search for Excellence,” authored by Tom Peters and Robert H. Waterman, Jr.

Streetwise Business People defines MBWA as:
his communication style is wonderful for managers who are actively engaged in the day-to-day activities of the business. This approach works well when a manager has made a commitment to spend a dedicated amount of time on the floor with the employees or in various employee offices each day. This approach must be compatible with your style; it should not be forced or just a charade. Employees will see through you if you are “just doing this to do it.” In effect you are being yourself walking throughout the organization looking for opportunities to make positive comments and/or receive input and feedback. This approach allows you to see everything going on, and it allows you to listen directly to the employees. It is especially effective in an organization with many management layers. The approach permits all employees direct access to the boss and frequently generates high levels of spontaneous, creative synergy while employees and the boss exchange ideas.

The management style became popular in the military during the early 80’s as the transition from wartime directed leadership to business-style personal responsibilty & relationship leadership was being made. At that time I was serving in the military as a leadership and management instructor — Peters & Waterman’s book, and the books Peters solo-released in the few years following, were widely accepted by military leadership developers.


My source: http://itrain.org


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MANAGEMENT BY WALKING AROUND and LISTENING (MBWAL) is a management technique that is closely linked to the Open Door and other positive employee relations processes.

MBWAL is simply a means of promoting effective two-way communication between employees and managers. Two-way channels of communication provide for fruitful, immediate exchange between two or more parties, thus filling the gaps left open by other communications techniques. They enable employees to express concerns, make suggestions, or obtain answers to questions, while also providing management with a practical means to become informed about workers’ feelings or attitudes toward organizational issues–information that can be used to minimize misunderstandings and avoid serious employee relations problems.


Two-way communication programs are designed to maintain a flow of information between employees and management. For such programs to be effective, however, a number of conditions must be met:

  • Honest, frank, open communication is viewed as a means to accomplish company goals, and not to undermine authority or control.
  • Managers recognize that employees can offer insights into day-to-day activities that can help them make better decisions.
  • Managers go out and talk with employees, and work to establish a rapport that will encourage workers to share information that managers need.
  • When employees are asked for input, management listens to, carefully considers, and acts on what the workers have to say.
  • Every question is answered promptly.
  • Workers do not feel threatened if they speak with their supervisor’s superiors.


Essentially, MBWAL is a simple process with tremendous business benefit when done correctly and consistently. There are also serious adverse consequences when MBWAL is done badly or not at all. The following are guidelines for the COMPANY NAME process:

  • Get out and WALK (all spaces / every day).
  • LISTEN (know the difference between the mechanics of hearing and the intellectual aspects of “active listening”.
  • PROCESS INFORMATION (trends / recurring themes, immediate response issues, “get back to you” commitments, etc.)
  • COMMUNICATE (vertically and horizontally — information is only good if those who need to know get the information.)
  • FEEDBACK (provide indicators throughout the organization that communication is working; some tangible items on a consistent basis like process and policy change at the working level that were initiated there.)
  • NEVER QUIT (it’s a self-replenishing system — the catalyst is that MBWAL is absolutely the right thing to do)

MY SOURCE: http://www.lrims.com

10 Herbal Medicines approved by DOH

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Here are the the ten (10) medicinal plants that the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) through its “Traditional Health Program” have endorsed. All ten (10) herbs have been thoroughly tested and have been clinically proven to have medicinal value in the relief and treatment of various aliments:

1. Akapulko (Cassia alata) – also known as “bayabas-bayabasan” and “ringworm bush” in English, this herbal medicine is used to treat ringworms and skin fungal infections.

2. Ampalaya (Momordica charantia) – known as “bitter gourd” or “bitter melon” in English, it most known as a treatment of diabetes (diabetes mellitus), for the non-insulin dependent patients.

3. Bawang (Allium sativum) – popularly known as “garlic”, it mainly reduces cholesterol in the blood and hence, helps control blood pressure.

4. Bayabas (Psidium guajava) – “guava” in English. It is primarily used as an antiseptic, to disinfect wounds. Also, it can be used as a mouth wash to treat tooth decay and gum infection.

5. Lagundi (Vitex negundo) – known in English as the “5-leaved chaste tree”. It’s main use is for the relief of coughs and asthma.

6. Niyog-niyogan (Quisqualis indica L.) – is a vine known as “Chinese honey suckle”. It is effective in the elimination of intestinal worms, particularly the Ascaris and Trichina. Only the dried matured seeds are medicinal -crack and ingest the dried seeds two hours after eating (5 to 7 seeds for children & 8 to 10 seeds for adults). If one dose does not eliminate the worms, wait a week before repeating the dose.

7. Sambong (Blumea balsamifera)- English name: Blumea camphora. A diuretic that helps in the excretion of urinary stones. It can also be used as an edema.

8. Tsaang Gubat (Ehretia microphylla Lam.) – Prepared like tea, this herbal medicine is effective in treating intestinal motility and also used as a mouth wash since the leaves of this shrub has high fluoride content.

9. Ulasimang Bato | Pansit-Pansitan (Peperomia pellucida) – It is effective in fighting arthritis and gout. The leaves can be eaten fresh (about a cupful) as salad or like tea. For the decoction, boil a cup of clean chopped leaves in 2 cups of water. Boil for 15 to 20 minutes. Strain, let cool and drink a cup after meals (3 times day).

10. Yerba Buena (Clinopodium douglasii) – commonly known as Peppermint, this vine is used as an analgesic to relive body aches and pain. It can be taken internally as a decoction or externally by pounding the leaves and applied directly on the afflicted area.

Philippine Herbal Medicine: Akapulko / Acapulco (Cassia alata)

Akapulko or Acapulco in English is a shrub found throughout the Philippines. It is known under various names in different regions in the country. Locals call the plant katanda, andadasi, and palochina in Tagalog, Ilocos and in the Visayas regions, respectively. The shrub belongs to the family of Leguminosae, and grows about one to two meters tall. It has thick branches and the leaves are embraced with 8 to 20 leaflets that are oblong-elliptical in shape. The flowers of the Akapulko have oblong sepals, and its fruits are tetragonal, which are also winged and glabrous. A medicinal herb that contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies, and eczema. Akapulko also contains saponin, a laxative that is useful in expelling intestinal parasites.

The primary part used for herbal purposes are the leaves, although the roots and flowers are also used for certain preparations with medicinal value. The extracts from the Akapulko plant is commonly used as an ingredient for lotions, soaps, and shampoos.

Benefits & Treatment of Akapulko:• External Use:Treatment of skin diseases:
Tinea infections, insect bites, ringworms, eczema, scabies and itchiness.
• Mouthwash in stomatitis

• Internal use:
Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea
• Alleviation of asthma symptoms
• Used as diuretic and purgative
• For cough & fever
• As a laxative to expel intestinal parasites and other stomach problems.

Note: A strong decoction of Akapulko leaves is an abortifacient. Pregnant women should not take decoction of the leaves or any part of this plant.


Preparation & Use:• For external use, pound the leaves of the Akapulko plant, squeeze the juice and apply on affected areas.• As the expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea, drink decoction (soak and boil for 10 to 15 minutes) of Akapulko leaves. The same preparation may be used as a mouthwash, stringent, and wash for eczema.

• As laxative, cut the plant parts (roots, flowers, and the leaves) into a manageable size then prepare a decoction Note: The decoction looses its potency if not used for a long time. Dispose leftovers after one day.

• The pounded leaves of Akapulko has purgative functions, specifically against ringworms.


It should be noted that the pounded leaves of this plant may be applied thinly on the affected part twice a day. Marked improvement may be expected after two to three weeks of continuous application to the affected area(s) where the prepared Akapulko leaves were applied.

Herbal Medicine: Ampalaya (Momordica charantia)

Ampalaya (Bitter Melon) with a scientific name Momordica charantia, is a climbing vine and the tendrils of which grow up to 20 centimeters long. This herbal plant belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae, and it is a tropical as well as a subtropical vine. Ampalaya leaves are heart-shaped, which are 5 to 10 centimeters in diameter. The fruits of the ampalaya vine are fleshy green with pointed ends at length. It can never be mistaken for any other variety because its ribbed and wrinkled surface had always been ampalaya’s distinct physical structure. The bitter taste of the ampalaya fruit had also been the distinguishing factor from the rest of the fruits with medicinal value, and this is due to the presence of a substance known as momorcidin.

Ampalaya has been a folkloric cure for generations but has now been proven to be an effective herbal medicine for many aliments. Most significant of which is for Diabetes. The Philippine variety has proven to be most potent. Ampalaya contains a mixture of flavanoids and alkaloids make the Pancreas produce more insulin that controls the blood sugar in diabetics. Aside from Ampalaya’s medicinal value, it is good source of vitamins A, B and C, iron, folic acid, phosphorous and calcium.

Ampalaya has been for used even by the Chinese for centuries. The effectively of Ampalaya as an herbal medicine has been tried and tested by many research clinics and laboratories worldwide. In the Philippines, the Department of Health has endorsed Ampalaya as an alternative medicine to help alleviate various ailments including diabetes, liver problems and even HIV. Aside from these, ampalaya also helps treat skin diseases and cough. Its herbal value extends to increasing the sterility of women, in parasiticide, antipyretic, and has purgative functions, as well. Note: In large dozes, pure Ampalaya juice can be a purgative and abortifacient.

Herbal Benefits of Ampalaya:• Good for rheumatism and gout
• And diseases of the spleen and liver
• Aids in lowering blood sugar levels
• Helps in lowering blood pressure
• Relives headaches
• Disinfects and heals wounds & burns
• Can be used as a cough & fever remedy
• Treatment of intestinal worms, diarrhea
• Helps prevent some types of cancer
• Enhances immune system to fight infection
• For treatment of hemorrhoids
• Is an antioxidant and parasiticide
• Is antibacterial and antipyretic
Preparation & Use of Ampalaya:• For coughs, fever, worms, diarrhea, diabetes, juice Ampalaya leaves and drink a spoonful daily.
• For other ailments, the fruit and leaves can both be juiced and taken orally.
• For headaches wounds, burns and skin diseases, apply warmed leaves to afflicted area.
• Powdered leaves, and the root decoction, may be used as stringent and applied to treat hemorrhoids.
• Internal parasites are proven to be expelled when the ampalaya juice, made from its leaves, is extracted. The ampalaya juice, and grounded seeds is to be taken one spoonful thrice a day, which also treats diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic colitis.

Bawang, Bauang | Garlic (Allium sativum)

Bawang or Garlic with scientific name Allium sativum, is a low herb, which only grows up to sixty centimeters high. Its leaves are flat and linear, with bulbs that consist of several tubers. This herb is one of the most widely used herbal medicines in the Philippines and can also be found commonly in the kitchen of Filipino households as it is used to spice up food preparations. The Philippine bawang or garlic variety is more pungent than the imported ones. Its medicinal properties have been known for a long time and have been especially proven during World War II when it was used to treat wounds and infections of soldiers. Garlic’s antibacterial compound known as allicin, saved many lives of the soldiers as this property prevented the wounds from being infected and developing into gangrene at a later stage by extracting the juice of bawang or garlic and applying to the wounds.

Bawang, sometimes spelled as bauang or in English, garlic is known as nature’s antibiotic. Its juices inhibit the growth of fungi and viruses thus, prevent viral, yeast, and infections. The preliminary test conducted on this medicinal herb showed some positive results in the treatment of AIDS. Several clinical tests that followed and published studies have shown the efficacy of garlic in lowering cholesterol in the blood and is beneficial to the circulatory system of the body. Today, as more research is done on garlic, more medicinal and therapeutic properties become more evident. As of the present time, lowering of the blood pressure, reduction of platelet aggregation, and the boosting of fibrinolytic activities are among the list of herbal functions of garlic, which is supported by medical findings. Although more clinical studies are needed to support the contention stronger, marked improvements in benign breast diseases have been traced to make progress because of the regular intake of supplements, of which the primary ingredient is garlic.

Although controlled trials in terms of anti-cancer activities of garlic have been performed in medical research, it has been proven through population-based studies that substances contain in garlic help in reducing the risk of some types of cancer. These would include colorectal malignancies, and gastric cancer. Regular consumption of raw garlic has been proven to aid in many bleeding cases, especially those cases that are associated with procedures in surgeries and dental activities. All these considered, it appears that garlic have no concrete scientific basis to claim a significant effect in the level of glucose in our blood. It is remarkable to note though that the Philippine Department of Health has endorsed garlic as one of the top ten Philippine herbs with therapeutic value and the department recommends its use as an alternative herbal medicine in view of the positive results of thorough research and testing, which had been conducted on this herbal plant. Juice extracted from garlic bulbs can be used as tick and mosquito repellant when applied to skin.

Bad breath, due to the strong odor of garlic, is the most common side effect of taking this herb. Fresh garlic applications to the skin have been reported to cause skin burns and rashes. This goes true both for those who are in the initial stages of their garlic therapies, and those who consume it as an ingredient in food preparations.

Health Benefits of Bawang-Garlic:• Good for the heart
• Helps lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL)
• Aids in lowering blood pressure
• Remedy for arteriosclerosis
• May help prevent certain types of cancer
• Boosts immune system to fight infection
• With antioxidant & antibacterial properties
• Cough and cold remedy
• Relives sore throat
• Aids in the treatment of tuberculosis
• Helps relieve rheumatism pain
• Relief of toothaches
• Kills skin fungus i.e. athlete’s foot
• With anticoagulant properties
Preparation of Bawang-Garlic:• For disinfecting wound, crush and juice the garlic bulb and apply. You may cover the afflicted area with a gauze and bandage.
• For sore throat, peal the skin and chew for several minutes. Swallow the juice.
• For toothaches, crush then bite garlic.
• For athlete’s foot, soak feet in salty water then apply garlic juice. Do this 3X day for a week.
• Cloves of garlic may be crushed and applied to affected areas to reduce the pain caused by arthritis, toothache, headache, and rheumatism.
• Decoction of the bawang bulbs and leaves are used as treatment for fever.
• For nasal congestion, steam and inhale: vinegar, chopped garlic, and water.

Aside from being an alternative herbal medicine for hypertension, arteriosclerosis and other ailments, garlic is also recommended for maintaining good health – eat raw garlic bulbs if you can, and include bawang regularly in the food you eat. Garlic is healthy and taste good on a variety of dishes.

Herbal Medicine: Bayabas or Guava (Psidium guajava)

Bayabas or guava is a tropical plant, which is locally known for its edible fruit. In the backyards of Filipino homes in the country, this plant is commonly seen, and grown because of its many uses as fruit and as traditional remedy to treat various ailments. As shown by many research studies, almost all of the parts of this plant have medicinal qualities and value, and thus, making it as one of the most popular therapeutic plants in the Philippines. Bayabas is a small tree that can grow up to 3 meters tall with greenish-brownish smooth bark. The round globular bayabas fruit starts as a flower and is usually harvested and eaten while still green. The fruit turns yellowish-green and soft when ripe.

The bayabas fruit bark and leaves are used as herbal medicine. Its leaves decoction is recognized for its effectiveness to cure several ailments, including the treatment of uterine hemorrhage, swollenness of the legs and other parts of the body, of chronic diarrhea, and gastroenteritis, among others. The most common use of the leaves is for cleaning and disinfecting wounds by rinsing the afflicted area with a decoction of the leaves. In the same way, such leaves are being used to aid in the treatment of dysentery and the inflammation of the kidneys. The bark and leaves can be used as astringent. It can also be used as a wash for uterine and vaginal problems, and is good for ulcers. The medicinal uses of Bayabas appear infinite, as it is also a suggested natural cure for fevers, diabetes, epilepsy, worms, and spasms. The fruit, aside from being delicious, contains nutritional values with a very high concentration of vitamin A and vitamin C.

Uses of Bayabas :• Antiseptic, astringent & anthelminthic
• Kills bacteria, fungi and ameba
• Used to treat diarrhea, nosebleeding
• For Hypertension, diabetes and Asthma
• Promotes menstruationThe fresh leaves are used to facilitate the healing of wounds and cuts. A decoction (boiling in water) or infusion of fresh leaves can be used for wound cleaning to prevent infection. Bayabas is also effective for toothaches. Note: Bayabas can cause constipation when consumed in excess.
Preparation:• Boil one cup of Bayabas leaves in three cups of water for 8 to 10 minutes. Let cool.
• Use decoction as mouthwash, gargle.
• Use as wound disinfectant – wash affected areas with the decoction of leaves 2 to 3 times a day. Fresh leaves may be applied to the wound directly for faster healing.
• For toothaches, chew the leaves in your mouth.
• For diarrhea, boil the chopped leaves for 15 minutes in water, and strain. Let cool, and drink a cup every three to four hours.
• To stop nosebleed, densely roll Bayabas leaves, then place in the nostril cavities.

Lagundi (Vitex negundo)

Lagundi (scientific name: Vitex negundo) is a shrub that grows in the Philippines. It is one of the ten herbal medicines endorsed by the Philippine Department of Health as an effective herbal medicine with proven therapeutic value. Commonly known in the Ilocos region as dangla, lagundi has been clinically tested to be effective in the treatment of colds, flu, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, and pharyngitis. Studies have shown that Lagundi can prevent the body’s production of leukotrienes, which are released during an asthma attack. Lagundi contains Chrysoplenol D, a substance with anti-histamine and muscle relaxant properties. Even in Japan, lagundi is becoming recognized as an effective herbal medicine, especially since researches have shown that it contains properties that make it an expectorant and it has been reported to function as a tonic as well. More than that, most of the parts of the lagundi plant have medicinal value.

The roots of this shrub are also used as treatment for rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, and leprosy. The leaves, flowers, seeds, and root of Lagundi can all be used as herbal medicine. A decoction is made by boiling the parts of the plant and taken orally. Today, Lagundi is available in capsule form and syrup for cough. For its part, the flowers are recommended as a cardiac tonic, as cure for liver diseases, and other internal disorders such as diarrhea and cholera. The lagundi plant also has anti-inflammatory functions, and its cooling effects are ideal as treatment for skin diseases such as leprosy.

Plant Description: The Lagundi plant can grow up to five meters tall. It can be described as a cross between a shrub and a tree with a single woody stem (trunk). One of Lagundi’s distinctive features is its pointed leaves with five leaflets set like a hand.

Lagundi tablets (300 mg) are available from the Department of Health’s Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) Telephone # (632) 727-6199.

Herbal Benefits of Lagundi:• Relief of asthma & pharyngitis
• Recommended relief of rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, diarrhea
• Treatment of cough, colds, fever and flu and other bronchopulmonary disorders
• Alleviate symptoms of Chicken Pox
• Removal of worms, and boils
Preparation & Use:• Boil half cup of chopped fresh or dried leaves in 2 cups of water for 10 to 15 minutes. Drink half cup three times a day.
• For skin diseases or disorders, apply the decoction of leaves and roots directly on skin.
• The root is specially good for treating dyspepsia, worms, boils, colic and rheumatism.

A decoction (boiling in water) of the roots and leaves of Lagundi are applied to wounds, and used as aromatic baths for skin diseases. Boiled seeds are eaten in order to prevent the spreading of toxins and venom from bites of poisonous animals. Juice extracted from the flowers of Lagundi plant is taken in as an aid for disorders like fever, diarrhea, liver disorders, and even cholera. While a decoction of the plant leaves is suggested to be taken by individuals to help increase the flow and production of milk, as well as to induce menstruation.

Niyog-Niyogan (Quisqualis Indica L.)

Niyog-niyogan or Rangoon Creeper is an excellent vine for outdoor gardens. This ligneous plant, scientifically called Quisqualis indica L. It is also known as Burma or Rangoon Creeper, Liane Vermifuge and Chinese honeysuckle. Niyog-niyogan is perfect for covered walkways as it grows at least 2.5m long and reaches up to 8m long when it matures. This active climber, which belongs to the combretaceae family grows best in tropical areas and demands constant sunlight. Perhaps due to its tropical characterization that it is found in primary and secondary forests of countries like Africa, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea and other Asian regions.

Niyog-niyogan is cultivated in greenhouses and can be naturalized in tropical areas. This vine starts as a shrub about 3-feet tall with branches growing from all directions. The mother shrub seizes to grow and dies after six months allowing the creeper to rapidly climb walls, trees, and the like. The branches of niyog-niyogan are filled with oblong-shaped leaves growing on opposite sides attached to 6mm to 10mm long petioles. The leaves of niyog-niyogan can grow up to 15cm long and more than 5cm wide with a pointed tip. Its flowers grow in clusters and it blossoms year-round. Its flowers open at night with five bright red petals and gives out a distinct perfume. The young flowers of niyog-niyogan start with white-colored petals that turn pink then red as it matures. It also bears fruits, which can grow up to 3cm long with five angles on its sides.

The niyog-niyogan plant grows in haste during the rainy season, hence constant pruning is especially recommended during this time. It is advised to place this plant in spacious areas to avoid crowding with a temperature of at least 60°F with evenly moistened soil to produce flowers. Niyog-niyogan can thrive in almost all kinds of soil and can even tolerate moderate amount of drought in cold seasons.

Benefits & Treatment of Niyog-Niyogan:Almost all of its parts are used individually, or mixed with other ingredients, as remedy to different ailments. In the Philippines, these are taken to rid people of parasitic worms. Some also use these to help alleviate coughs and diarrhea. Medical experts, advice patients to consult their doctors as improper dosing may cause hiccups. Niyog-niyogan’s leaves are used to cure body pains by placing them on specific problematic areas of the body. Compound decoctions of the leaves of niyog-niyogan are used in India to alleviate flatulence.  Preparation & Use:Seeds of niyog-niyogan can be taken as an anthelmintic. These are eaten raw two hours before the patient’s last meal of the day. Adults may take 10 seeds while children 4 to 7 years of age may eat up to four seeds only. Children from ages 8 to 9 may take six seeds and seven seeds may be eaten by children 10 to 12 years old.Decoctions of its roots are also sometimes used as a remedy for rheumatism while its fruits are used as an effective way to relieve toothaches.

Sambong (Blumea balsamifera L.)

Sambong (scientific name: Blumea balsamifera) is an amazing medicinal plant. Coming from the family of Compositae, it goes by several names locally. It is known in the Visayas as bukadkad and as subsob in Ilocos. The plant is a strongly aromatic herb that grows tall and erect. Its height ranges from 1.5 to 3 meters, with stems that grow for up to 2.5 centimeters. It is an anti-urolithiasis and work as a diuretic. It is used to aid the treatment of kidney disorders. The Sambong leaves can also be used to treat colds and mild hypertension. Since it is a diuretic, this herbal medicine helps dispose of excess water and sodium (salt) in the body.

Sambong is one herbal medicine (of ten) approved by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) as an alternative medicine in treating particular disorders. This plant possesses a multitude of properties that make it worthy of the DOH approval. It functions as an astringent and as an expectorant, and has been found to be anti-diarrhea and anti-spasm. As an astringent, preparations made of sambong leaves may be used for wounds and cuts. It is also suggested to be incorporated to post-partum baths, as well as considerable immersion of particular body areas that are afflicted with pains caused by rheumatism. Its expectorant properties make it as a popular recommendation to be taken in as tea to treat colds.

Powdered Sambong leaves are available in 250 mg tablets at the DOH’s Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) Telephone # (632) 727-6199.

Health Benefits of Sambong:• Good as a diuretic agent
• Effective in the dissolving kidney stones
• Aids in treating hypertension & rheumatism
• Treatment of colds & fever
• Anti-diarrheic properties
• Anti-gastralgic properties
• Helps remove worms, boils
• Relief of stomach pains
• Treats dysentery, sore throat 
Preparation & Use:• A decoction (boil in water) of Sambong leaves as like tea and drink a glass 3 or 4 times a day.
• The leaves can also be crushed or pounded and mixed with coconut oil.
• For headaches, apply crushed and pounded leaves on forehead and temples.
• Decoction of leaves is used as sponge bath.
• Decoction of the roots, on the other hand, is to be taken in as cure for fever.

Tsaang Gubat or Wild Tea (Ehretia microphylla Lam.)

Tsaang Gubat is one of the 10 herbs that is endorsed the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) as an antispasmodic for abdominal (stomach) pains. And is registered as a herbal medicine at the Philippine Bureau of Food & Drug (BFAD).

Tsaang Gubat is a shrub (small tree) that grows (from 1 to 5 meters) abundantly in the Philippines. In folkloric medicine, the leaves has been used as a disinfectant wash during child birth, as cure for diarrhea, as tea for general good heath and because Tsaang Gubat has high fluoride content, it is used as a mouth gargle for preventing tooth decay. Research and test now prove it’s efficacy as an herbal medicine. Aside from the traditional way of taking Tsaag Gubat, it is now available commercially in capsules, tablets and tea bags.

Tsaang Gubat is also knows as: Wild Tea, Forest Tea, Alibungog (Visayas Region), Putputai (Bicol Region) and Maragued (Ilocos Region). Scientific name: Ehretia Microphylla Lam.

Health Benefits of Tsaang Gubat:• Stomach pains
• Gastroenteritis
• Intestinal motility
• Dysentery
• Diarrhea or Loose Bowel Movement (LBM)
• Mouth gargle
• Body cleanser/wash 
Preparation & Use:• Thoroughly wash the leaves of tsaang gubat in running water. Chop to a desirable size and boil 1 cup of chopped leaves in 2 cups of water. Boil in low heat for 15 to 20 minutes and drain.
• Take a cupful every 4 hours for diarrhea, gastroenteritis and stomach pains.
• Gargle for stronger teeth and prevent cavities.
• Drink as tea daily for general good health.

Pansit-Pansitan (Peperomia pellucida Linn.) a.k.a. Ulasiman-Bato

Pansit-pansitan (family: Piperaceae) is an herbal medicine also known as Ulasiman-bato, olasiman-ihalas & tangon-tangon in the Philippines. English name: peperomia. It is a small herb that grows from 1 to 1 1/2 feet. Pansit-pansitan can be found wild on lightly shaded and damp areas such as nooks, walls, yards and even roofs. Pansit-pansitan has heart shaped leaves, succulent stems with tiny flowers on a spike. When matured, the small fruits bear one seed which fall of the ground and propagate.

The leaves and stalk of pansit-pansitan are edible. It can be harvested, washed and eaten as fresh salad. Taken as a salad, pansit-pansitan helps relive rheumatic pains and gout. An infusion or decoction (boil 1 cup of leaves/stem in 2 cups of water) can also be made and taken orally – 1 cup in the morning and another cup in the evening.

For the herbal treatment of skin disorders like abscesses, pimples and boils, pound the leaves and/or the stalks and make a poultice (boil in water for a minute or two then pounded) then applied directly to the afflicted area. Likewise a decoction can be used as a rinse to treat skin disorders.

For headaches, heat a couple of leaves in hot water, bruise the surface and apply on the forehead. The decoction of leaves and stalks is also good for abdominal pains and kidney problems.
Like any herbal medicine it is not advisable to take any other medication in combination with any herbs. Consult with a medical practitioner knowledgeable in herbal medicine before any treatment.

Pansit-pansitan is used as an herbal medicine for the treatment of:• Arthritis
• Gout
• Skin boils, abscesses, pimples
• Headache
• Abdominal pains
• kidney problems

Yerba Buena (Clinopodium douglasii)

Yerba Buena is an herb of the mint family. It is an aromatic plant used as herbal medicine worldwide. This perennial plant’s growth ranges from 0.6 meters to 1 meter. It has elongated leaves and in summers, it bears small whitish or purplish flowers. Such flowers possess both male and female organs that allow it to be pollinated by bees and animals of the same nature. The word Yerba Buena is Spanish for “good herb” and was the former name of the California city of San Francisco.

Before its medicinal value has been recognized, Yerba Buena was first used as an ingredient in numerous cuisines. It became popular because of its distinctively strong spearmint flavor, thus making it ideal for salads. The leaves are the source of this flavor, and they may be added to viands and meals, either raw or cooked. It has also been effective to drive away rats and other rodents, because of its strong smell of mint that it emits. Thus, besides its medicinal value, it has long been recognized to have strong commercial demand due to the variety of uses that the plant have.

Yerba Buena has been consumed for centuries as tea and herbal medicine as a pain reliever (analgesic). Native American Indians used it even before the “white men” colonized the Americas. Today, this folk medicine’s efficacy has been validated by scientific research. In the Philippines, Yerba Buena is one of the 10 herbs endorsed by the Department of Health (DOH) as an effective alternative medicine for aches and pains. It has been recognized for its antiseptic, anti-cancer, diuretic, anti-spasm, anti-emetic activities. Properties of this herbal plant are also found to function as stimulant and to have restorative effects.

As an herbal medicine, a decoction (boil leaves then strain) of Yerba Buena is effective for minor ailments such as headaches, toothaches, and joint pains. It can also relive stomachaches due to gas buildup and indigestion. The fresh and dried leaves can both be used for the decoction. And because Yerba Buena belongs to the mint family, soaking fresh leaves in a glass of water (30 to 45 minutes) makes a good and effective mouth wash for a clean, fresh smelling breath.

Yerba Buena may be used to treat:• Arthritis
• Head aches
• Tooth aches
• Mouth wash
• Relief of intestinal gas
• Stomach aches
• Indigestion
• Drink as tea for general good health. 
Preparation & Use:• Wash fresh Yerba Buena leaves in running water. Chop to size for dried leaves, crush) and boil 2 teaspoons of leaves in a glass of water. Boil in medium heat for 15 to 20 minutes.
• As analgesic, take a cupful every 3 hours.
• For tooth aches, pound the fresh leaves, squeeze juice out and apply on a cotton ball then bite on to the aching tooth.
• Yerba buena leaves may be heated over fire and placed over the forehead for headaches.

Stems of Yerba Buena may be crushed and applied directly to bruises. Folkloric use include poultice preparation and the oil extracts from its stems are suggested to be a remedy for cancerous tumors. Caution should be observed in taking this herbal medicine as it can be toxic in large doses.

Tips on Handling Medicinal Plants / Herbs:

• If possible, buy herbs that are grown organically – without pesticides.

• Medicinal parts of plants are best harvested on sunny mornings. Avoid picking leaves, fruits or nuts during and after heavy rainfall.

• Leaves, fruits, flowers or nuts must be mature before harvesting. Less medicinal substances are found on young parts.

• After harvesting, if drying is required, it is advisable to dry the plant parts either in the oven or air-dried on screens above ground and never on concrete floors.

• Store plant parts in sealed plastic bags or brown bottles in a cool dry place without sunlight preferably with a moisture absorbent material like charcoal. Leaves and other plant parts that are prepared properly, well-dried and stored can be used up to six months.

Tips on Preparation for Intake of Herbal Medicines:

• Use only half the dosage prescribed for fresh parts like leaves when using dried parts.

• Do not use stainless steel utensils when boiling decoctions. Only use earthen, enamelled, glass or alike utensils.

• As a rule of thumb, when boiling leaves and other plant parts, do not cover the pot, and boil in low flame.

• Decoctions loose potency after some time. Dispose of decoctions after one day. To keep fresh during the day, keep lukewarm in a flask or thermos.

• Always consult with a doctor if symptoms persist or if any sign of allergic reaction develops.

My source: http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/doh_herbs.htm

Herbs for Cough

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Despite the nasty sound, coughing is actually a vital bodily function.

Without noticing, we probably cough once or twice every hour to clear our throats and air passages of debris.

Coughing is troublesome only when an environmental substance or an illness makes you hack uncontrollably.

Coughs can be dry and nonproductive, meaning they bring up no fluids or sputum; or they can be wet and productive, expelling mucus and the germs or irritants it contains.

Herbal Remedies For Cough

COLTSFOOT Relieves congestion.

ECHINACEA Has antibacterial and antiviral properties useful for shortening duration of illness and preventing infection.

LOBELIA Used to soothe a dry, hacking cough.

LUNGWORT Used for cough accompanied by diarrhea.

MARSHMALLOW ROOT Soothes the throat and eases a dry, hacking cough.

MULLEIN Tea is given to children at first sign of cough.

PEPPERMINT Tea is used to suppress cough reflex.

REISHI Extract eases cough from colds & asthma.

SLIPPERY ELM BARK Coats throat to propvide a soothing effect to soft tissue.

WILD CHERRY BARK SYRUP An effective expectorant. Use as directed.

A chronic cough that doesn’t clear up can be a sign of more serious conditions. See your health care practitioner.


1. Herbal Remedies ~ Echinacea

Echinacea augustifolia,echinacea purpurea
(Composite Family)

This plant is native to Northern America, and was used extensively by Great Plains Indian tribes.

Active compounds: Caffeic acid derivatives, polyacetylenes, alkylamides polysaccharides essential oils, flavonoids, and glycoproteins.

Some of the most common uses of this herb are immune system stimulation and theprevention of infections. It appears to have antiviral properties due to the stimulation of interferon-like effects. It has been shown to increase phagocytosis and promote respiratory cellular activity. Several constituents, including alkylamides, chicoric acids and related glycosides produce a non-specific immune response. This herb appears to increase lymphocyte activity by stimulating the release of tumor necrosis factor.

Traditionally this herb has been used to boost the immune system, promote healing and reduce inflammation. It has been useful in treating acne, cancer, chronic fatigue, colds, coughs, ear infections, influenza, parasitic infections and strep throat. It is sometimes used along side chemotherapy during the treatment of colorectal and hepatocellular cancer.

*note from editor: This is one of the herbs I prepare in large quantities so it’s always on hand. I buy the organic dried roots and make up enough tincture to last all winter. I take it – or give it to family members at the first signs of imbalance. I have found this herb to be a good herbal ally for children. Glycerin-based tinctures are very effective in lowering fevers, fighting infections and boosting overall immunity. My neighbor makes an echinacea tincture with fennel seed added and it has such a nice flavor even the kids like it!

Parts used:Dried rhizomes and roots are used for making supplements. This herb is usually available as a tea and in tincture or capsule form.

CAUTIONS: Use Echinacea with caution if you have an allergy to ragweed or plants in the sunflower family.


2. Marshmallow Root
Althaea officinalis (Mallow Family)

This herb is an ingredient in many cough syrups and preparations for urinary tract disorders.

It is also useful for coughs, laryngitis, Crohn’s disease, peptic ulcer, eczema, masititis and psoriasis.

Taken as a warm infusion, the leaves treat cystitis and frequent urination.

The demulcent quality of this plant relieves coughs, bronchial asthma, bronchial congestion, and pleurisy.

The flowers, crushed fresh or in a warm infusion, are applied to help soothe inflamed skin.

The root is used in an ointment for boils and abscesses, and in a mouthwash for inflammation.

Marshmallow Root is available as liquid extracts, tinctures, and powders, as well as in creams.

3. Mullein

Mullein Verbascum densiflorum
(Spinach Family)

Mullein is an old-time remedy for bronchitis and dry, unproductive coughs.

The leaves and flowers are used to reduce mucous and expel phlegm. Mullein is valued for its ability to loosen mucus and move it out of the body making it a valuable ally for lung problems.

Mullein has also been used to treat lymphatic congestion and as an anti-spasmodic and astringent herb.

A popular remedy for treating respiratory ailments such as asthma, coughs and bronchitis.

This herb is also used to clear congestion, soothe sore throats, and control diarrhea.

It can be used topically to soothe hemorrhoids and treat cuts & scrapes.

The infused oil is used to treat earaches. The oil is warmed and placed in the ear on a peice of cotton.

Leaves are used medicinally in oils, teas and compresses.

CAUTIONS: Seeds are toxic and should be avoided.

4. Herbal Remedies ~ Peppermint

Peppermint Mentha piperita
(Mint Family)

A well-known digestive aid, this herb has also been used to treat coughs, colds, and fever as well as colic, food allergies, indigestion, nausea, gallstones, headaches and irritable bowel syndrome.

Both cooling and warming, taken internally peppermint induces heat and improves the circulation. It also disperses blood to the surface of the body which causes sweating. For this reason it is often useful in treating chills and fevers, colds and flu.

It also has an astringent and decongestant action helps relieve stuffiness and congestion.

Peppermint makes a good general tonic to recharge vital energy and dispel lethargy.

Taken internally, this herb produces a cooling and numbing effect which extends to the respiratory tract. This same effect is also apparent on the skin.

Peppermint has an analgesic effect. The essential oil is often added to lotions, creams and salves to ease inflamed joints in arthritis and gout, for headaches, neuralgia, sciatica and general aches and pains.

Internally, peppermint has a soothing effect, calming anxiety and tension and relieving pain and spasm.

It can be used for menstrual pain, asthma and insomnia.

In the digestive tract it relaxes smooth muscle and reduces inflammation, relieving the pain and spasms of colic, flatulence, heartburn, indigestion, hiccups, nausea, vomiting and motion sickness. This herb contains tannins which help protect the gut lining from irritation and infection and make it useful for treating diarrhea, constipation, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

The bitters stimulate and cleanse the liver and gallbladder, helping to prevent gallstones.

The volatile oils have an antiseptic action, and are antibacterial, antiparasitic, antifungal and antiviral.

Peppermint is easy to grow and is available in teas, oils and menthol lozenges.

*From the editor: During times of extreme nausea when nothing can be kept down, try putting a bit of salve under the nostrils and over the salve apply a tiny drop of essential oil of peppermint on each side. (The salve keeps the oil from stinging the delicate area under the nose.) I find that inhaling the vapors stops the nausea fast so at least water can be taken to avoid dehydration.

5. Herbal Remedies ~ Reishi

Reishi Ganoderma lucidum (Button Mushroom Family)

This herb has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years as an overall tonic to boost energy, promote longevity and combat stress.

It is an adaptogen and immune stimulant useful in treating cirrhosis of the liver, bronchitis, high blood pressure and yeast infections.

This herb has shown promising results in cancer treatment as well. It stimulates the body’s production of interleukin-2, which fights several types of cancer, and it contains compounds called ganoderic acids, which act against liver cancer. Reishi counteracts the suppression of red and white blood cells that can result from cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Neosar) treatment by stimulating the creation of protein in the bone marrow.

Another use for this herb is in the treatment of fibroids (uterine myomas). Reishi keeps the uterine lining from making both basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a chemical that promotes fibroid growth, and histamine, a chemical that causes inflammation.

These mushrooms are available in supermarkets for culinary usage. They are used medicinally in teas, tablets, syrups and tinctures.

CAUTIONS: Avoid if you have allergies to mushrooms or molds.

6. Herbal Remedies ~ Slippery Elm

Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra (elm family)

The mucilage in this herb makes it a soothing, healing remedy for indigestion, sore throats, irritable bowel, Crohn’s disease, wounds, burns, and itchy, irritated skin. It is very soothing to the stomach lining and is sometimes made into a gruel and offered to colicky babes. The bark is used medicinally as a tea, as a powder mixed in water as a poultice and added to cooking.

It not only has a most soothing and healing action on all the parts it comes in contact with, but in addition possesses as much nutrition as is contained in oatmeal, and when made into gruel forms a wholesome and sustaining food for infants and invalids. It forms the basis of many patent foods.

Slippery Elm Food is generally made by mixing a teaspoonful of the powder into a thin and perfectly smooth paste with cold water and then pouring on a pint of boiling water, steadily stirring meanwhile. It can, if desired, be flavored with cinnamon, nutmeg or lemon rind.

This makes an excellent drink in cases of irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, and taken at night will induce sleep.

My source: http://www.herbalremediesinfo.com/Cough.html

Bad Effects of Mining

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In: Health, Pollution, Mining [Edit categories]
Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Bad_effects_of_mining#ixzz1CCT1V7CD

Mining has several bad effects. It leaves behind a huge hole after mining is done. Secondly it damages natural beauty. A beautiful landscape which once existed is now a huge piece of dug up earth. The main effects are that trees are cut down, and forests are deforestated. for 1. This brings up the amont of CO2 in the air because thats what trees use up and what we exhale, and secondly it means it is a loss of habitats. Birds, insects squirrels and other wildlife which habitated there now no longer have homes. Even some people rely on trees to use as fuel wood to cook on, heat water on and to stay warm.
Metals are sprayed with toxic chemicals to extract the metal from its ore, or to galvanise the metal. All these processes contribute to global warming which is becoming worse by the minute!

It can also,make the air of public opoin bad which can make wildlife die.

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