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Halamang Gamot: Agoho (Casuarina equisetifolia)

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By pinoyfarmer | March 10, 2010

Agoho01Ang balat ng punong agoho ay mainam sa sakit sa minamanas o may beri-beri at namamagang buto. Nagpapagaling din ng taghiyawat.

Mag-laga ng balat 1/2 kl., lagyan ng tatlong (3) basong tubig at inumin tatlong beses maghapon.


Casuarina equisetifolia is a species of she-oak of the genus Casuarina, native to Australasia, southeast Asia such as in Philippines  locally know to them as Agoho, and islands of the western Pacific Ocean, from Burma and Vietnam east to French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu, and south to Australia  (north of Northern Territory, north and east Queensland, and northeastern New South Wales). It is also found in West Africa, where it is known as the Filao Tree  and is planted to prevent erosion in sandy soils. It is possibly native to Madagascar.  These plants are an invasive species in Florida, known as Australian pines.

It is an evergreen tree growing to 6–35 m (20–110 ft) tall. The foliage consists of slender, much-branched green to grey-green twigs 0.5–1 mm (0.020–0.039 in) diameter, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6–8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences; the male flowers in simple spikes 0.7–4 cm (0.28–1.6 in) long, the female flowers on short peduncles. Unlike most other species of Casuarina (which are dioecious) it is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree. The fruit is an oval woody structure 10–24 mm (0.39–0.94 in) long and 9–13 mm (0.35–0.51 in) in diameter, superficially resembling a conifer cone made up of numerous carpels each containing a single seed with a small wing 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) long.

There are two subspecies:

* Casuarina equisetifolia subsp. equisetifolia. Large tree to 35 m (110 ft) tall; twigs 0.5–0.7 mm (0.020–0.028 in) diameter, hairless. Southeast Asia, northern Australia.
* Casuarina equisetifolia subsp. incana (Benth.) L.A.S.Johnson. Small tree to 12 m (39 ft) tall; twigs 0.7–1 mm (0.028–0.039 in) diameter, downy. Eastern Australia (eastern Queensland, New South Wales), New Caledonia, southern Vanuatu.

Casuarina is widely used as a bonsai subject, particularly in Southeast Asia and parts of the Caribbean. Indonesian specimens and those cultivated in Taiwan are regarded among the best in the bonsai world.


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Nerium indicum Mill.

Scientific names Common names
Neroum indicum Mill. Adelfa (Span., Tag.)
Neroum oleander Blanco Baladre (Tag.)
Nerium odorum Soland. Ceylon Tree (Engl.)
Dog bane (Engl.)
Oleander (Engl.)
Rose bay (Engl.)
South sea rose (Engl.)
Chia-chu-t’ao (Chin.)

Adelfa is an erect, smooth shrub, 1.5 to 3 meters high with a cream-colored, sticky, resinous juice. Leaves are in whorls of 3 or 4, linear-lanceolate, 10 to15 centimeters long, with numerous horizontal nerves. Flowers are showy, sweet-scented, single or double, 4 to 5 centimeters in diameter, white, pink, or red, borne on terminal inflorescences (cymes). Fruit is cylindric, paired, with deep linear striations, 15 to 20 centimeters long. Seeds are numerous and compressed, with a tuft of fine, shining, white and grayish, silky hairs.

– Throughout the Philippines in cultivation.
– Nowhere established.
– Introduced by the Spaniards.
– Native of subtropical or tropical Asia.
– Now pantropic.

– Phytochemical screening has yielded cardiac glycosides, pregnanes, terpenes flavonoids, etc.
– Study yielded glycoside, oleadrin; tannin; volatile oil, 0.25%.
– Yielded two principles: neriin and oleandrin, glucosides with properties similar to digitalin.
– The seeds yield fat 17.4%, phytosterin and l-strophanthin.
– Bark contains toxic glycosides: rosaginin and nerlin, volatile oil, fixed oil.
– Nerium odorum’s bark yielded two toxic bitter principles–neriodorin and neriodorein. Another toxic principle is karabin. Both karabin and neriodorin are probably resins, rather than glucosides.
– Roots yield a yellow, poisonous resin, tannic acid, wax, and sugar, but no alkaloid or volatile poison.
– Study isolated 14 compounds: a new prenane, 14α,16-dihydroxy-3-oxo-γ-lactone-pregn-4-en-21-oic acid (16β,17α), and thirteen known cardiac glycosides:oleandrin, oleandrigenin, neriosid, nerigoside,16,17-didehydrosomalin, oleaside A, adynerin, odoroside-A , 3β-hydroxy-5β-carda-8β,14β,20,(22)-trienolid, odoroside H, deacetyloandrin, adynerigenin,3β-hydroxy-5α-8β,14β-epoxy-card-20(22)-enolid.

– Leaves and flowers are considered cardiotonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic and expectorant.
– Whole plant believed to have anticancer, antiinflammatory, antibacterial, sedating, and anthelmintic effects.
– The pharmacologic actions of of neriin and oleandrin resemble those of digitalis glucosides. In human beings, toxicity manifests as nausea, vomiting, colic, decreased appetite, dizziness, drowsiness, bradycardia and irregular heart beats, pupillary dilation, and sometimes unconsciousness attributed to digitalis poisoning.
– Reported biologic activities to include anti-inflammatory, sedative, anti-bacterial, csrdiac, anti-neoplastic and anthelmintic.

Parts used and preparation
Bark and leaves.

– Herpes zoster (skin): Crush leaves, mix with oil and apply on lesions. Do not apply on raw surface. Milky juice of the plant is irritating. Caution: Not to be taken internally.
– Herpes simplex: Mix 1 cup of chopped leaves and bark with 2 tablespoons of oil. Apply to lesions 3 times daily.
– Ringworm: Chop a foot long branch and mix with 1 cup chopped fresh young leaves. Mix the juice with 5 drops of fresh coconut oil. Apply 3 times daily.
– Snake bites: Pound 10 leaves and a piece of branch. Apply poultice to the wound.
– Root used, locally and internally, by women in western and southern India and in the central Malay Peninsula for suicide and for procuring criminal abortion.
– Past of bark of the roots is applied externally for ringworm.
– Used in leprosy, skin eruptions, and boils.
– In the Punjab and Cashmere areas, roots are used for asthma.
– Leaves used in the treatment of malaria and dysmenorrhea; also used as abortifacient.
– Roots, made into paste with water, used for hemorrhoids.
– Leaves and bark used externally for eczema, snake bites and as insecticide; internally, used for epilepsy.
– Dried leaves used as sternutatory.
– Infusion of leaves and fruit used a cardiac regulator.
– In Morocco, fresh leaves applied to tumors to hasten suppuration.
– In traditional Chinese medicine, the flowers and leaves have been used to stimulate the cardiac muscles, relieve pain and eliminate blood stasis.


Molluscicidal activity of Nerium indicum bark: The study showed the bark of Nerium indicum as an important source of botanical molluscicide and is an effective insecticide against Blatta orientalis. Glycosides, steroids and terpenoids were also isolated from Nerium indicum.
Primary Metabolites: Study on the quantification of primary metabolites in N. indicum yielded carbohydrates, proteins, phenols, lipids, etc. N. indicum’s stem contains higher levels of phenol which has immuno-modulating, anti-tumour and antibacterial activities.
Tincture Cardiovascular Effect: Tincture Karveer is a potent cardiotonic drug which is also purported to relieve symptoms of Cor pulmonale as a bronchodilator and cough sedative. The tincture is considered safe and helpful, and promising for the treatment of CHF in humans.
Neuroprotective: Study of isolated polysaccharides from the flowers of N. indicum (J6) showed potential as a neuroprotective agent against neuronal death in Alzheimer’s disease through a mechanism that may primarily rely on inactivation of the JNK signaling pathway.
Polysaccharides / Nerve Growth Factor-like Effect: Study of polysaccharides J1 (a rhamnogalacturonan) and J2 (a xyloglucan) from the whole flowers of N. indicum were tested on the proliferation and differentiation of PC12 pheochromocytoma cells and found to have nerve growth factor-life effect.
Analgesic: Study of extract of flowers and roots of N. indicum showed promising antinociceptive activity mediated through the prostaglandin pathways with analgesic principles interfering with the biosynthesis of prostaglandins.
Larvicidal: Study of larvicidal lethality of extracts of lattices of N indicum and E royleana on Culex quinquefasciatus showed significant delay in embryonic development of Culex larvae.
Antimicrobial / Antifungal: In a study of the ethanolic extracts of dried leaves of N. indicum and Martynia annua, N indicum showed significant antibacterial and antifungal activity compared to M. annua.
Anti-Angiogenesis: Study yielded three oligosaccharides. Bioactivity angiogenesis testing showed two of the oligosaccharides significantly inhibited the HMEC-1 cell tube formation.
Cytotoxicity / Anticancer: Most of the compounds isolated from the leaves of N. indicum exhibited strong cytotoxicity against HeLa cell. Odoroside-A exhibited the strongest cytotoxicity.
Molluscicidal: Study of different bark preparations showed varying degrees of time- and dose-dependent molluscicidal activity.
Anti-Ulcer: Study of a methanol extract against pylorus-induced gastric ulcer and indomethacin-induced ulcer in rats showed significant antiulcer activity in all models with significant reduction of gastric volume, free acidity, and ulcer index. Results suggest an antisecretory effect.
Anti-Diabetic: Study investigated the antidiabetic activity of a leaf extract in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats. Results showed significant antidiabetic activity. The antihyperglycemic action of the extracts may be due to improvement of the glycemic control mechanisms.
CNS Effects / Sedative / Hypnotic : Study on behavior pattern in mice showed fractions of leaves extract induced sedation at low dose and hypnosis at high doses. Fractions also showed significant decrease in locomotion counts, decrease in motor performances and enhancement of hexobarbital sleeping time. Effects are possibly through GABA-ergic modifications.
Anti-HIV / Anticancer: In a small clinical trial (20 patients in a DB, placebo controlled study) in a Johannesburg AIDS clinic evaluating the effectiveness of supplements ingredients (Nerium oleander and Sutherlandia frutescens) against HIV results showed significant improvement with an increase in CD4 count while the placebo group declined.
Hepatoprotective: A methanolic plant extract showed remarkable hepatoprotective activity against carbon-tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
Toxicity Studies: (1) Study evaluated the toxic effects of a crude watery extract in male adult guinea pigs. The lowest nonlethal dose was 300 mg/kbw and doses of 450 to 900 caused varying frequency of mortality. The LD50 is 540 mg/kbw. (2) Study reported clinical, ECG, and pathologic findings in goats consistenet with those reported in sheep and cattle. Main signs were related to the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Study concludes goat is susceptible to oleander toxicosis just like other domestic ruminants. However, the unpalatable nature of the plant and the selective feeding habit of the goat, make poisoning in this species infrequent.


Adelfa (Nerium oleander)

Adelfa is an evergreen shrub that grows from 6 to 20 feet in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide including the Philippines. Its flowers may range in color from white, pink, red and any shade between them. Adelfa is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of ulcers, ringworms, leprosy, eczema, hemorrhoids, herpes simplex and herpes zoster (skin shingles). It is also effective as skin insect repellant.

Adelfa/Nerium oreander is also is being promoted to treat cancer, heart failure and even AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). However, its effectiveness have not yet been proven to treat these ailments. For cancer treatment, initial testing is promising. Test show that oleandrin, an ingredient of adelfa leaves, causes the death of some cancer cells. Further research is however needed.

Warning: Extracts from leaves, flowers, bark, stems and roots of Adelfa (Nerium oreander) is toxic to humans and animals when taken internally and may even cause death. Adelfa can also cause abortion if taken orally, even in small amounts. Consult with a health care provider before starting any treatment using any plant part or extract of this poisonous shrub.

Preparation & Use of Adelfa/Nerium oreander in traditional medicine:

  • For herpes zoster: Mix crushed leaves and oil, then apply on lesions on the surface of the skin. Do not apply when skin has eruptions.
    • Herpes simplex and eczema: Blend chopped adelfa leaves and bark with some oil and apply directly to lesions, 3 times a day.
    • Snake bites: make a poultice of finely ground leaves and branch of adelfa. Apply directly on wound and cover with cloth or gauze. Secure with surgical tape.
    • Ringworms: Make a paste using crushed and finely chopped bark of the root and a little coconut oil. Apply on skin 3 times a day.
    • For Hemorrhoids, crush roots and make a paste by adding a little water, then apply.
    • Roots and bark used externally for , snake bites and as insecticide.
    • Tumors: Apply fresh leaves directly to tumors to accelerate suppuration.



(Nerium indicum mill)or in english it is called the South sea Rose. Smooth shrub with a cream-colored sticky resinous juice. Flowers are sweet scented single or double, white, pink or red.

Folkloric uses: For skin; herpes or other skin diseases;Crush leaves mix with oil and apply on lesions. do not apply on raw surface. milky juice of the plant is irritating. for ringworm; chop branch with a cup young leaves, mix juice with drops of fresh coconut oil, apply 3X daily. Snake bites; pound leaves and a piece of branch apply poultice to the wound. Roots; decoction of roots locally and internally is used for abortion. Roots; made into paste with water for hemorrhoids.


Adelfa – Scientific name: Nerium Indicum Mil

English: Oleander, Aldelfa ;
Tagalog: Aldelfa

Erect, smooth shrub, 1.5 to 3 meters high with a cream-colored sticky resinous juice. Leaves are in whorls of 3 or 4, linear-lanceolate, 10-15 cm long, with numerous horizontal nerves. Flowers are showy, sweet-scented, single or double, 4-5 cm in diameter, white, pink or red, borne in terminal inflorescence (cymes). Fruit is cylindrical, paired, with deep linear striations, 15-20 cm long. Seeds are numerous and compressed, with a tuft of fine, shining, white, silky hairs.

– Herpes zoster (skin): Crush leaves, mix with oil and apply on lesions. Do not apply on raw surface. Milky juice of the plant is irritating. Caution: Not to be taken internally.
– Herpes simplex: Mix 1 cup of chopped leaves and bark with 2 tablespoons of oil. Apply to lesions 3 times daily.
– Ringworm: Chop a foot long branch and mix with 1 cup chopped fresh young leaves. Mix the juice with 5 drops of fresh coconut oil. Apply 3 times daily.
– Snake bites: Pound 10 leaves and a piece of branch. Apply poultice to the wound.
– Root, locally and internally, used for abortion.
– Roots, made into paste with water, used for hemorrhoids.
– Roots and bark used externally for eczema, snake bites and as insecticide.
– Fresh leaves applied to tumors to hasten suppuration.

Constituents and properties
Glycoside, oleadrin; tannin; volatile oil, 0.25%.
Nerium oleander’s leaves contain two principles: neriin and oleandrin, glucosides with properties similar to digitalin.
The seeds contain phytosterin and l-strophnathin. The bark contains toxic glycosides: rosaginin and nerlin, volatile oil, fixed oil.

Nerium odorum’s bark yielded two toxic bitter principles­neriodorin and neriodorein. Another toxic principle is karabin. Both karabin and neriodorin are probably resins, rather than glucosides.

The pharmacologic actions of of neriin and oleandrin resemble those of digitalis glucosides. In human beings, toxicity manifests as nausea, vomiting, colic, decreased appetite, dizziness, drowsiness, bradycardia and irregular heart beats, pupillary dilation, and sometimes unconsciousness attributed to digitalis poisoning.

Cultivated for its flowers; nowwhere established.


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Uses Health Benefits of Acacia / Rain Tree

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Posted on March 28, 2011 by marvin

AcaciaIn my previous post, I did some research if fruit of acacia tree can be eaten.  The answer is yes, it is edible. Though eating such is not enjoyable due to some stated reasons.

While doing my research, I found many useful information about acacia or rain tree. I listed all the beneficial things I found.  I also tried to find some side effects to avoid bias, found nothing though.

Here are the uses and health benefits:

1) Fruits are can be used as ruminant feeds.

2) The root decoction is used in hot baths for stomach cancer. I wonder how external application can cure internal disorder.

3) It is a folk remedy for colds, diarrhea, headache, intestinal ailments and stomachache.

4) Prevention of tuberculosis. The leaf alcoholic extract can inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

5) Fruit decoction is used as central nervous system sedative. Good to take if you are problematic or stress.

6) Leaf infusion is used as laxative. She is suffering from hard bowel movement. I would recommend it to her.

7) Chew the seeds for soar throat. The seeds are hard. You gonna suffer from toothache before relieving the  soar throat.

8) A fruit drink can be made from pulp. I wonder who are doing this kind of preparation. Pulp is difficult to separate from brittle skins.

9) Can be a good non-meat protein source. A fallen ripe pod has 12-18 percent protein content.

10)  The bark is a rich source of gum resin. Slice it and the latex will exude in few minutes.  I often stab acacia tree and watch the latex exudes (it was during my childhood years).

11) The boiled inner bark and fresh leaves are cure for diarrhea and stomachache.

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(Lagerstroemia speciosa)

BananaBanana tree grows from 4 to 15 meters high, characteristically shedding off its leaves once a year. It can be identified easily through its flowers, which are lilac purple and have petals with wavy margins. The parts which have medicinal uses are leaves, fruits, roots and bark. The following are its uses and applications:

* For treatment of diabetes, edema or to ease urination
Dry for a week 28 old leaves, 11 ripe fruits, 50 of young leaves.
Boil any of the above in 1 cup of water for 45 minutes until it is reduced to 1/5 cup.
Re-dilute the te3a to 1 cup and divide this into 3 parts to be taken 1 hour before meals.

*For fever
Place 1 teaspoon of the bark pweder in 1 cup boiling water (infusion)
Cover for 10 to 15 minutes and drink

*For jaundice, edema, dizziness
Boil 10 pieces of roots, 6.5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide per piece, in 10 cups of water for one hour and drink.



Instead of eating an apple each day for optimum health, the adage should state that a banana each day keeps the doctor away..

* Bananas are good for your heart and nerves.

* Bananas are good for your kidneys and bones

* Bananas can act as mood enhancersor mild sedatives

* Bananas are good for your blood

* Bananas are good for kids.

* Bananas are good source of dietary fiber

* They Lower Blood Pressure

* High Nutrient Absorption

* They are also helpful in preventing age-related macular degeneration and strokes

With Dua
Aliwale Hussainwale
Motive is to get connected with Shia World.


BANANAS-A very interesting FACTS

Never, put your banana in the refrigerator!!!…
This is interesting. After reading this, you’ll never look at a banana in the same way again.

Bananas contain three natural sugars – sucrose, fructose and glucose combined with fiber. A banana gives an instant, sustained and substantial boost of energy.

Research has proven that just two bananas provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minute workout. No wonder the banana is the number one fruit with the world’s leading athletes.

But energy isn’t the only way a banana can help us keep fit. It can also help overcome or prevent a substantial number of illnesses and conditions, making it a must to add to our daily diet.

According to a recent survey undertaken by MIND amongst people suffering from depression, many felt much better after eating a banana. This is because bananas contain tryptophan, a type of protein that the body converts into serotonin, known to make you relax, improve your mood and generally make you feel happier.

Forget the pills – eat a banana. The vitamin B6 it contains regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood.

High in iron, bananas can stimulate the production of hemoglobin in the blood and so helps in cases of anemia.

This unique tropical fruit is extremely high in potassium yet low in salt, making it perfect to beat blood pressure So much so, the US Food and Drug Administration has just allowed the banana industry to make official claims for the fruit’s ability to reduce the risk of blood pressure and stroke.

200 students at a Twickenham (Middlesex) school ( England ) were helped through their exams this year by eating bananas at breakfast, break, and lunch in a bid to boost their brain power. Research has shown that the potassium-packed fruit can assist learning by making pupils more alert.

High in fiber, including bananas in the diet can help restore normal bowel action, helping to overcome the problem without resorting to laxatives.

One of the quickest ways of curing a hangover is to make a banana milkshake, sweetened with honey. The banana calms the stomach and, with the help of the honey, builds up depleted blood sugar levels, while the milk soothes and re-hydrates your system.

Bananas have a natural antacid effect in the body, so if you suffer from heartburn, try eating a banana for soothing relief.

Snacking on bananas between meals helps to keep blood sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness.

Before reaching for the insect bite cream, try rubbing the affected area with the inside of a banana skin. Many people find it amazingly successful at reducing swelling and irritation.

Bananas are high in B vitamins that help calm the nervous system..

Overweight and at work? Studies at the Institute of Psychology in Austria found pressure at work leads to gorging on comfort food like chocolate and chips. Looking at 5,000 hospital patients, researchers found the most obese were more likely to be in high-pressure jobs. The report concluded that, to avoid panic-induced food cravings, we need to control our blood sugar levels by snacking on high carbohydrate foods every two hours to keep levels steady.

The banana is used as the dietary food against intestinal disorders because of its soft texture and smoothness. It is the only raw fruit that can be eaten without distress in over-chronicler cases. It also neutralizes over-acidity and reduces irritation by coating the lining of the stomach.

Many other cultures see bananas as a ‘cooling’ fruit that can lower both the physical and emotional temperature of expectant mothers. In Thailand , for example, pregnant women eat bananas to ensure their baby is born with a cool temperature.

So, a banana really is a natural remedy for many ills. When you compare it to an apple, it has FOUR TIMES the protein, TWICE the carbohydrate, THREE TIMES the phosphorus, five times the vitamin A and iron, and twice the other vitamins and minerals.. It is also rich in potassium and is one of the best value foods around So maybe its time to change that well-known phrase so that we say, ‘A BANANA a day keeps the doctor away!’

PS: Bananas must be the reason monkeys are so happy all the time! I will add one here; want a quick shine on our shoes?? Take the INSIDE of the banana

With Dua
Aliwale Hussainwale


You’ll never look at a banana the same way again after discovering the many health benefits and reasons to add them to your diet. Bananas are high in fiber and three natural sugars — glucose, sucrose and fructose — giving them almost magical powers to provide a huge energy boost. Bananas combat depression, make you smarter, cure hangovers, relieve morning sickness, protect against kidney cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis and blindness. They can cure the itch of a mosquito bite and put a great shine on your shoes.

If you think bananas are just for monkeys, think again.

~ Bananas help overcome depression due high levels of tryptophan, which is converted into serotonin — the happy-mood brain neurotransmitter
~ Eat two bananas before a strenuous workout to pack an energy punch and sustain your blood sugar
~ Protect against muscle cramps during workouts and night time leg cramps by eating a banana
~ Counteract calcium loss during urination and build strong bones by supplementing with a banana
~ Improve your mood and reduce PMS symptoms by eating a banana, which regulates blood sugar and produces stress-relieving relaxation
~ Bananas reduce swelling, protect against type II diabetes, aid weight loss, strengthen the nervous system, and help with the production of white blood cells, all due to high levels of vitamin B-6
~ Strengthen your blood and relieve anemia with the added iron from bananas
~ High in potassium and low in salt, bananas are officially recognized by the FDA as being able to lower blood pressure, and protect against heart attack and stroke

Eating bananas aids digestion

~ Rich in pectin, bananas aid digestion and gently chelate toxins and heavy metals from the body
~ Bananas act as a prebiotic, stimulating the growth of friendly bacteria in the bowel. They also produce digestive enzymes to assist in absorbing nutrients.
~ Constipated? High fiber in bananas can help normalize bowel motility.
~ Got the runs? Bananas are soothing to the digestive tract and help restore lost electrolytes after diarrhea.
~ Bananas are a natural antacid, providing relief from acid reflux, heartburn and GERD
~ Bananas are the only raw fruit that can be consumed without distress to relieve stomach ulcers by coating the lining of the stomach against corrosive acids

Natural cures from a simple banana:

~ Eating bananas helps prevent kidney cancer, protects the eyes against macular degeneration and builds strong bones by increasing calcium absorption
~ Bananas make you smarter and help with learning by making you more alert. Eat a banana before an exam to benefit from the high levels of potassium.
~ Bananas are high in antioxidants, providing free radicals and protection from chronic disease
~ Eating a banana between meals helps stabilize blood sugar and reduce nausea from morning sickness
~ Rub a bug bite or hives with the inside of the banana peel to relieve itching and irritation
~ Control blood sugar and avoid binging between meals by eating a banana
~ Eating a banana can lower the body temperature and cool you during a fever or on a hot day
~ The natural mood-enhancer tryptophan, helps to relieve Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
~ Quitting smoking? Bananas contain high levels of B-vitamins as well as potassium and magnesium speed recovery from the effects of withdrawal
~ Remove a wart by placing the inside of a piece of banana peel against the wart and taping it in place
~ Rub the inside of a banana peel on your leather shoes or handbag and polish with a dry cloth for a quick shine

Oh, and remember — bananas make great snacks and delicious smoothies. Now you know why monkeys are so happy.

Eat a banana!


Intresting Fact About Banana~

Acording to Japanese Scientific Research, full ripe banana with
dark patches on yellow skin produces a substance called TNF
(Tumor Necrosis Factor) which has the ability to combat
abnormal cells. The more darker patches it has the higher will be its immunity enhancement quality;
Hence, the riper the banana the better the anti-cancer quality.

Yellow skin banana with dark spots on it is 8x more effective in enhancing the property of white
blood cells than green skin version.
Eating 1-2 banana/s a day increases immunity.

Share/tag this post and stay healthy. —

~dr.sharib azmi



Whiten Teeth with Banana Peel

To whiten teeth with banana peel is very safe and healthy for teeth as banana peels are a wonderful source of minerals and vitamins. They do not have the abrasiveness that other natural whiteners have and best of all they are inexpensive.


1. Brush your teeth as usual with a natural toothpaste or you can use the banana peel first and then brush.

Use a ripe banana as it has the most potassium content in it.
Peel from the bottom end as this is how monkeys peel their bananas and it will keep you from having all those loose threads.

2.Take a piece of the inside of the banana peel and gently rub around on your teeth for about 2 minutes.
The amazing minerals in the peel like potassium, magnesium and manganese absorb into your teeth and whiten them.

With Dua
Aliwale Hussainwale

Banana – Immune Boost!

According to Japanese Scientific Research, full ripe banana with dark patches on yellow skin produces a substance called TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor) which has the ability to combat abnormal cells. The more darker patches it has the higher will be its immunity enhancement quality; Hence, the riper the banana the better the anti-cancer quality.

Yellow skin banana with dark spots on it is 8x more effective in enhancing the property of white blood cells than green skin version.

Eating 1-2 banana/s a day increases immunity.

Courtesy: Bryan Nash


Health benefits of fully ripe bananas:
“According to Japanese Scientific Research, fully ripe bananas with dark patches on yellow skin produce a substance called TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor) which has the ability to combat abnormal cells. The more darker patches it has the higher will be its immunity enhancement quality; Hence, the riper the banana the better the anti-cancer quality. Yellow skin banana with dark spots on it is 8x more effective in enhancing the property of white blood cells than green skin version. Eating 1-2 banana/s a day increases immunity.”


Health Benefits of Bananas

12:15 am

Sharib Azmi

Bananas are favorites among many though they are not aware entirely of the advantages that can be gained from them, this sweet and exotic fruit surely appeases the taste buds also is known for its mind refreshing ability. There are very few people who will probably believe that banana is 4th primary food which is eaten across entire world immediately after eating rice, wheat and corn. Banana takes first place when it comes to finding which is the most consumed fruit across entire US that is followed by Apple.

Among the 80 million tons of banana which are produced across entire world there is only 20% of this production which is sent out to export while the rest of this production is used for local use. Banana is the main food item when it comes to India and Sub-Sahara and even among those who follow Islam it is said that this banana is food of Heaven.

Some of the South-east Asian parts make use of the fruit along with its leaves in cooking where banana leaves are used as wraps to cook fish while the fruit which can be cooked is known as plantain and are green in color unlike the ripe one which is usually yellow in color and can be eaten directly.

This fruit can also be used to prepare exotic drinks, smoothies apart from which it can also be used in baking and desserts, the bananas which are used in their ripe form are known as desert bananas. The main vitamins in this fruit include Vitamin A, B complex, B-6 and C apart from which 75% of these bananas are full of water along with other nutrients like potassium, phosphorus, iron, calcium and fiber.

  1. Enhances Digestion:

Carbohydrates and dietary fiber which is present in bananas are known to control the bowel movements which ultimately help in proper digestion. Banana is known to be good for those who are trying to get away from chronic constipation which is due to the pectin contents. Banana also is known to aid those who lessen stomach ulcers and lessening the possibility of developing gastric cancer. This fruit also is best possible and natural treatment for those suffering from acidity due to the antacid effect it has.

  1. Avoids Smoking:

All those who have tried to quit smoking but were not able to get rid of this habit due to the feeling of sickness, irritation, stress and stomach cramps. For all those who want to really quit smoking should give banana a try due to the presence of potassium and several other important vitamins that are known to give a soothing effect to the brain whenever there is headache or stress which is soothed by nicotine among smokers. Banana is also known to give immediate energy to the body which feels to be gone out by those who are made devoid of smoking and lessening the leg cramps.

  1. Relieves stress:

Banana is known is relieve anyone who is suffering from stress due to the tryptophan contents present in them having a soothing effect on brain, this is the type of amino acid which is known to be neurotransmitter that aids in stabilizing the mood lessening stress on the body.

  1. Enhanced Kidney process:

Antioxidant phelonic present in this fruit is the main substance which is food for the health of kidneys also by lessening any chance of kidney stones from being produced. Banana is also known to keep a check on the calcium which is emitted through urine, banana is also known to lessen any chance of developing cancer among kidneys if the fruit is eaten for 4 to 6 times every week.

  1. Bone strengthening:

For our body to increase absorption of all the nutrients it is necessary that there has to be a prebiotic named fructooligosaccharide which is present in huge quantity among bananas. This prebiotic is also known to help the body in taking in calcium which will increase strength among the bones lessening the possibility that there will be osteoporosis which is developed among several others at much higher ages. Potassium in banana is known to prevent any loss of the calcium in our body.

  1. Reduces blood pressure:

There are several doctors who advise to take this fruit for all those who are trouble with higher blood pressure. Mixture of lesser sodium and higher potassium in this fruit makes it best to prevent any stroke and hypertension.

  1. Great source of energy:

Banana is one such fruit which is advised to be eaten by sportsmen during their games due to its ability of increasing energy levels in the body. The reason for increased energy levels in the body is due to the presence of carbohydrates making them primary choice in breakfast to help them make it throughout the day.

  1. Betterment of vision:

Vision is also said to improve for those who make it a point to eat banana daily lessening the risk of macular degeneration as age increases, people who have consumed 3 times a day have not undergone any degeneration of macular.

  1. Ideal food for dieting:

Anyone suffering with overeating habit can find this fruit lessening this habit due to the 108 calories they have. Obesity can be lessened by Vitamin B6 available in the fruit.

  1. Prevents diarrhea:

Diarrhea results in body weakness since electrolytes have drained out of the body that can be filled up with potassium in bananas.

  1. Get Vitamin B6:

Vitamin B6 has several anti-inflammatory advantages lessening the risk of developing Type II diabetes, obesity and heart problems. Vitamin B6 helps in functioning of lymphoid gland which produces white blood cells and protecting the body from infections along with brain cells and appropriate functioning of nervous system.
It is suggested that nearly 4 bananas have to be eaten every week to provide the body with all necessary nutrients, there are several varieties in bananas like red, green and yellow but at the same time this is a fruit which is both healthy and delicious. Among all the varieties of bananas the one which has black spots on yellow skin is 8 times healthier and increasing the proper functioning of white blood cells when compared to green bananas.



He fully ripe banana produces a substance called TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor) which has the ability to combat abnormal cells.

So don’t be surprised very soon the shop will go out of stock for bananas.

As the banana ripens, it develops dark spots or patches on the skin. The More dark patches it has, the higher will be its’ immunity enhancement quality.

Hence the Japanese love bananas for a good reason.

According to a Japanese scientific research, Banana contains TNF which has anti-cancer properties.

The degree of anti-cancer effect corresponds to the degree of ripeness of the fruit, i.e. the riper the banana, the better
The anti-cancer quality..

In an animal experiment carried out by a professor in Tokyo University comparing The various health benefits of different fruits, using banana, grape, Apple, water melon, pineapple, pear and persimmon, it was found that Banana gave the best results. It increased the number of white blood Cells, enhanced the immunity of the body and produced anti-cancer substance TNF.

The recommendation is to eat 1 to 2 banana a day to increase your body Immunity to diseases like cold, flu and others.

According to the Japanese professor, yellow skin bananas with dark spots on it are 8 times more effective in enhancing the property of white Blood cells than the green skin version

With Dua
Aliwale Hussainwale

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(Lagerstroemia speciosa)


Banaba can:

  • help fight obesity.
  • help regulate blood pressure.
  •  lower cholesterol level for people with hypertension.
  • cure kidney and gall bladder stones.
  • aid the digestive system
  • treat urinary track infection.
  • help ease urination.
  • lower blood sugar level of diabetic people.

Banaba (Lagerstroemia speciosa)

banaba01Banaba, the scientific name of which is Lagerstroemia speciosa, is a tropical flowery tree. It grows to a height as high as 20 meters. Its leaves are large, and ranges from the shape of elliptical-ovate to oblong. These leaves are shed by the plant during the first months of the year, and are bright orange or red during these times. Various research on Banaba conducted in Japan prove true the belief that this plant contains high levels of corosilic acid, a substance known as one of the many treatments for diabetes mellitus. Besides its medicinal value, banaba is also cultivated and known for its beautiful flowers.

Banaba has been used in Filipino folkloric herbal medicine for the treatment of diabetes for centuries. It is now gaining popularity and getting recognition as a herbal medicine not only in the Philippines but worldwide. Banaba is also known as Queen’s Flower, Crepe Myrtle and the Pride of India. In India, Banaba has also been used to cure diabetes in Ayurvedic medicine for a long time.

Recent studies and laboratory test showed that it’s active ingredient, corosolic acid is a potent compound that has insulin like effect to lower glucose in the body and is effective in treating diabetes. Banaba is rapidly becoming known as a natural plant insulin, and what makes it ideal is that, the herbal preparation may also be taken orally, without any risk of adverse side effects. However, caution is advised against taking Banaba with any diabetic drug or any other drug simultaneously. Always consult with a qualified physician or a medical practitioner before taking any medication or any herbal medicine for a correct dose. Also, extra precaution is highly recommended as initial findings show that Banaba extract may delay and reduce the absorption of carbohydrates in the body and promote weight loss, despite its useful medicinal value.

Other studies that were focused on this plant showed other potential medicinal benefits. These include antibacterial functions of seed extracts from this plant, and a water extract of the same manifest anti-oxidative functions. Another is the significant protection that Banaba seems to exhibit to treat HIV-infected cells. This is brought about by its ellagic acid constituents.

Aside from the medicinal value of Banaba, as a herbal medicine, it is also good for the health. Banaba contains high concentrations of dietary fiber and minerals such as zinc and magnesium. The leaves can be boiled and taken daily as tea.

Benefits and Treatment of Banaba: Banaba Preparation & Use:
• Diabetes
• Fights obesity
• Helps regulate blood pressure
• Good for the kidneys
• Aids the digestive system
• Helps ease urination
Note: Fresh leaves, dried leaves, flowers, ripe fruit, root and bark of Banaba can all be used.
• Wash the leaves in running water (if fresh). Cut into smaller pieces if desired.
• Boil Banaba (one cup Banaba to cup of water) for 30 minutes. Drink like tea.

Health Benefits of Banaba Leaves / Tea

Posted on December 7, 2010 by marvin

Banaba tea was featured in television program Salamat Doc. It can be taken as slimming tea. Boil one tablespoon of chopped leaves in one glass of water for few minutes, cool a bit and drink.

Alternatively, the leaves can be crushed and prepared by using a tea maker. Or, place crushed leaves in mug, fill with hot water and let stand for few minutes.

Banaba tea should be drink two to three times a day.

Other Benefits of Banaba includes:
1) According to studies, banaba with doses equivalent to 1 or 2 grams of dried leaves per kilogram body weight reduces blood sugar from 16 to 49 mg. Of glucose per 100 cc. of blood in normal rabbits. Fresh leaves are recommended for every tea preparation because its insulin-like activity deteriorates over time.
2) The bark stimulant and febrifuge. Its decoction of it is used for abdominal pains, diarrhea.
3) A decoction of the roots is used against small ulcers of the mouth.
4) A decoction of the leaves is deobstruent (having power to clear or open the natural ducts of the fluids and secretions of the body) and diuretic (any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine, which causes the body to get rid of excess water).
5) The bark, leaves, and flowers are given as a purgative. A purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels.
6) The seeds possess narcotic properties and are employed against aphthae, (aphthous ulcer – A blister on the mucous membranes of the lips, mouth or gastrointestinal tract).



Banaba Uses, Health Benefits, Side Effects

Ginko biloba is a popular herb used for its many health benefits including blood flow improvement, treatment for memory loss and dementia.

Ginseng is an herbal medicine used as health tonic for the entire body with health benefits for the brain, heart, reproduction and many others.

 What is banaba Herbal Medicine

Scientific Names:
Lagerstroemia speciosa L
Munchausia speciosa Linn.
Lagestroemia reginae Roxb

Banaba is also knows as:
Agaro, Mitla, Bugarom, Nabulong, Pamalauagon, Duguam, Pamarauagon, Kauilan, Parasabukung, Makablos, Tabangau, Tauagnau

Banaba is a flowering plant that grows in warm climate like the Philippines, India and others. Banaba is widely used in the Philippines and as herbal medicine for diabetes. While in India, Banaba is also used in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of diabetes. The Banaba leaves and flowers contain corrosolic acid, a substance being studied for its insulin like effect of lowering the glucose in the body. Banaba is also being studied as a weight-loss supplement for its ability to delay or reduce the absorption of carbohydraes. Banaba is also rich in vitamins and minerals including zinc and magnesium. Banaba is also rich in dietary fibers.

Folkloric uses of Banaba herbal medicine include the treatment for diarrhea, constipation, inflammation of kidneys, dysuria and other urinary dysfunctions

Banaba is a tropical flowering tree that grow up to 10 meters high. Banaba has large green oblong leaves that is about 3 inches in width and 7 inches in length. The flowers or Banaba are racemes and colored pink to lavender. Banaba bears nut-like fruits that are arranged in large clumps.

banaba, herbal medicine for diabetes

Banaba is used as herbal medicine for the treatment of diabetes not only in India but also in the Philippines.

Studies have shown that Banaba contains corosolic acid that acts like insulin by lowering the blood sugar in the body. Corosolic acid is a triterpenoid glycoside that improves the cellular uptake of glucose (Murakami C, et al 1993, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin),

How to use Banaba Herb for Diabetes?

The following details the preparation and application of Banaba herbal medicine for diabetes

  • Dry Banaba leaves and fruits for about two weeks
  • cut Banaba leaves into peices
  • Boil the dried Banaba leaves and fruits in water,
  • One cup of dried banaba leaves and fruits to one cup water.
  • Let it steep for 30 minutes,
  • Strain the leaves and fruits.
  • Take the Banaba herbal tea for 4 to 6 times daily.

Although studies have shown that Banaba does not contain any toxic ingredients. It is recommended that before taking any herbal medicine for your diabetes, consult with your doctor.

banaba herbal tea for weight loss management

Banaba herbal tea is also used for sustained weight-loss management. The corosolic acid in Banaba leaves and flowers acts by delaying and reducing the absorption of carbohydrates by the body. Continued drinking of banaba tea causes weight loss without any side effects.

In a group study that has been conducted for Glucosol™-a US patent drug containing corosolic acid. There was a reduction of weight for diabetic subjects. Similar study was done for non-diabetics and it was found that corosolic acid does not alter either the absorption or clearance of blood sugar in non-diabetic subjects, while retaining its weight-loss effect (Corosolic acid formulation and its application for weight-loss management and blood sugar balance. US Patent Issued on August 31, 2004 ).

How to use Banaba herb for Weight loss?

Preparation and application of Banaba herbal tea for weight loss management

  • Dry Banaba leaves and fruits for about two weeks
  • cut Banaba leaves and fuits into peices
  • Boil the dried leaves and fruits in water,
  • one cup of dried banaba leaves and fruits to 2 cups of water.
  • Let it seep for 30 minutes,
  • Strain the leaves and fruits.
  • Take the Banaba herbal tea for 4 to 6 times dai

Banaba Side Effects

Although according to studies, there were no known toxic or adverse effect from Banaba. However if discomfort occurs, stop using Banaba herbal tea.

Other Banaba health benefits

Banaba is also used for other folkloric herbal medicine for the treatment of the following

  • blood pressure control ,
  • kidney disorders,
  • urinary dysfunctions (helps ease urination) ,
  • controls the cholesterol levels,
  • treatment of diarrhea,
  • facilitates bowel movement
  • treatment of fevers and others.


Banaba – Scientific name: Lagerstroemia speciosa Linn.

Tagalog: Banaba

A deciduous tropical flowering tree, 5 to 10 m high, sometimes growing to a height of 20 meters. Leaves, large, spatulate, oblong to elliptic-ovate, 2-4 inches in width, 5-8 inches in length; shedding its leaves the first months of the year. Before shedding, the leaves are bright orange or red during which time it is thought to contain higher levels of corosolic acid). Flowers are racemes, pink to lavender; flowering from March to June. After flowering, the tree bears large clumps of oval nutlike fruits.

Grows wild; widely distributed in the Philippines, in the secondary forests at low and medium altitudes. Cultivated for its beautiful flowers. Propagation by seeds.

Chemical constituents
Rich in tannin: fruit, 14 to 17 %; leaves 13 %; bark, 10%.
Corrosolic acid is being studied for its glucose lowering effect.

Parts utilized
Leaves, fruits, flowers and bark.

Medicinal Uses:
– Roots have been used for a variety of stomach ailments. Leaf decoction for diabetes; also use as a diuretic and purgative.
– Decoction of old leaves and dried fruit (dried from one to two weeks), 50 gms to a pint of boiling water, 4 to 6 cups daily has been used for diabetes. Old leaves and ripe fruit are preferred, believed to have greater glucose lowering effect. Young leaves and flowers have a similar effect, though only 70% that of matures leaves and fruits. The wood has no known glucose lowering effect; the bark, a very small amount. A decoction of 20 gms of old leaves or dried fruit in 100 cc of water was found to have the equivalent effect to that of 6 to 7.7 units of insulin.
– The bark decoction has been used for the treatment of diarrhea.
– The bark, flowers and leaves used to facilitiate bowel movements.
– Decoction of fruits or roots gargled for aphthous stomatitis.
– Decoction of leaves and flowers used for fevers and as diuretic.
– Leaf decoction or infusion used for bladder and kidney inflammation, dysuria, and other urinary dysfunctions.
Recent studies

Diabetes: Banaba is being studied for its application in the treatment of diabetes. Its ability to lower blood sugar is attributed to its corosolic acid, a triterpenoid glycoside, belived to facilitate glucose-transport into cells.

Weight loss: Studies in mice suggest an antiobesity effect. It is becoming a common ingredient in weight-loss supplements / products as a metabolic enhancer.

Others: It is also being studied for its use in the treatment of blood pressure, renal and immune system benefits. Studies in mice suggest a lipid lowering effect – decreasing triglyceride and total cholesterol levels. To date, no toxicity has been identified.


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Scientific name: Auerrhoa carambola L.

Tagalog: Balimbing

BalimbingVermifuge, laxative, refrigerant, antiscorbutic, febrifuge, sialogogue, antiphlogistic, stimulant, emmenagogue, anodyne, emetic.

Edible fruit is a source of iron (low in calcium) and vitamins B and C, oxalate and potassium.

Tea of boiled leaves used for aphthous stomatitis.
Crushed shoots or leaves used externally for headaches and ringworm.
Boiled flowers used to expel worms: 50 gms to a pint of boiling water; drunk in normal doses.

Fruit is laxative.
Decoction of fruit, 50 gms to a pint of boiling water, 4-5 glasses a day for bleeding piles.
Juice of fresh fruit for affections of the eyes.
Seed is used for asthma and colic: Powdered seeds, 10 gms to a cup of warm water, drunk 4 times daily.

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Balanoi or Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

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Sweet BasilBalanoi is a plant, which belongs to the family of Lamiaceae, grows to an erect length of 50 to 80 centimeters, the leaves of which are oval-shaped, and have slightly-toothed edges. The flowers of balanoi or common basil are either white or purple. The compounds that can be extracted from this plant vary, but it has been determined through various experiments and researches that its dried leaves contain 0.20% to 1% of essential oils. Balanoi has been renowned throughout the Philippines and in various parts of the world because of its medicinal and health benefits. It can be found all over the country, and have several uses. Balanoi’s use is not only limited to medicinal purposes, rather, extracts of common basil can be found in cosmetics, and are mixed in liquors and fragrances as well.

For instance, in South Africa and in India, the rhizomes of the Balanoi plant are extracted and are used as mosquito repellant. This plant has also been found to aid people that suffer from various health ailments. Studies have shown that there are particular activities on which Balanoi plant extracts and oils address. For one, it serves as an anti-anxiety and anti-depressant medicine because of ethanol substance that it has. It has also been used as a stimulant, and has been found to be an effective means to remove cold sores. In the Philippines, it is an option to alleviate pain caused by headaches, cramps, and even shortness of breath. The same goes true for sprains, and the way to do this is to rub the oil or the extract of the Balanoi plant leaves, mixed with alcohol, to the ailing part of the body. Balanoi also manifests anti-bacterial activities, in such a manner that intestinal worms are eradicated from the body when the ethanol extracts derived from it are taken in as a form of medication. There have also been clinical experiments showing that balanoi extracts, especially its ethanol content, can be used as anti-cancer, anti-ulcer, anti-diabetic and even shows promise for the protection of humans from radiation.

Preparation of Balanoi as Herbal Medication:

There are several ways to prepare the plant for medication, depending on the nature for which it is going to be used. The amount of raw materials and extracts that are needed also vary depending on the use. When the balanoi leaves are to be used to stimulate the body, it is recommended for the individual to permeate about twenty (20) balanoi leaves with 200 grams of water, and three to four cups are supposed to be drank a day. A combined weight of 40 grams basil leaves incorporated with 200 grams of water is to be used for gargling in order to remove cold sores. Health experts suggest that this be done three times every day, until the cold sores are gone. Now, for people who are suffering from shortness of breath, they are suggested to drink one glass of boiled balanoi leaves, consisting of twelve leaves mixed with one and a half liters of water, twice a day. Balanoi also helps regulate the women’s menstrual cycle, and if one is interested in this, they are supposed to prepare a mixture of 100 grams of balanoi leaves with a liter of water. It is recommended for people to drink four cups of this preparation several days before one’s expected period. As for its antibacterial purposes, ten grams of balanoi leaves fused with 100 grams of water should be boiled and drank a glass per day, during early mornings or when the person still has an empty stomach. Lastly, for the aid that it effects for pains caused by rheumatism, simple headache and occasional sprains, one should grind a concoction of balanoi, rosemary and ruta, in equal proportion. It should be rubbed to the ailing or throbbing part for eight days, the application of which may be continuous day and night.


Balanoy – Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum L.

English: Sweet Basil
Tagalog: Balanoy

A very fragrant herb, growing up to 70 cm high. An erect, branched undershrub, glabrous or somewhat branched; very aromatic when crushed. The stem is squarish. Leaves: simple, opposite, ovate to oblong-ovate, entire or slightly toothed, with acute tips and glandular spots on the lower surface. Flowers: the inflorescences are racemes, usually purplish with short pedicles. Calyx of the individual flower or floret is strongly reflexed, the upper lobe round, the lower two narrowly lanceolate and acuminate, and the lateral ones ovate. Corolla bilabiate, exerted, and upper lip broader, subequally 4-fid, the lower lip entire. Petals pink or purplish, stamens exserted.Fruits: nutlets, smooth or somewhat rugose.

There are two common species in the Philippines: O. basilicum and O. sanctum. Both can be used medicinally.

Tannins; polysaccharides; saponins; flavanoids; volatile oil.

Carminative, stimulant, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge, diuretic, demulcent, mucilaginous, cooling.

Distribution and Cultivation
Grows well in open areas with moist, well-drained and friable soil. Occasionally cultivated throughout the Philippines. Common garden plant. It flowers all year round. The plant is deeply rooted. Prefers warm and moist habitat, sensitive to dryness. Soil should be well-drained, and rich in humus to produce higher yields. Use seeds for propagation.

Parts utilized
Leaves, seeds.

Mature fresh leaves are harvested 2 to 3 months after planting. Leaves are picked leaving the branches on the plant to allow it to flower and produce seeds for the next season.

The leaves are air-dried until they crumble when crushed with the fingers. Store in amber colored bottles in a cool, dry place.


The leafy and flowering tops are used as condiment; eaten sparingly in salads.

Cough: Expectorant properties – Take infusion or decoction of herb (9-15 gm of dried herb) or tops as tea.
Leaf juice helpful for expectoration of mucus.
Decoction of leaves also used for hiccups, vomiting and nausea.
Gas pains: Decoction of herb as tea helps to expel wind from bowels.
Snake bites: Crush fresh plant and poultice the bitten wound.
Gonorrhea, using a decoction of the roots and leaves of plants.
Decoction of leaves used as a wash for ulcers.
External contusions.
Used in baths for rheumatic pains.
Ringworm and insect bites: Apply juice of crushed leaves.
Skin ulcers: Decoction of herb as wash.
For delayed menstruation: take the juice of the leaves with water.
Seeds are used in treatment of several eye diseases.
Toothache: Wet small piece of cotton with juice of crushed leaves and insert into tooth cavity.
Postpartum: Decoction of seeds used to decrease postpartum pains; the seeds are mucilaginous.
Poultice of seeds used for buccal sores.
Decoction of seeds also used for constipation.
Acne: Infusion of 3 tsp of dried leaves in 1 cup of boiling water for 20-30 minutes. Apply externally or drink decoction of tea Sweet Basil02or infusion 3 times daily.


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